Evolution

Evolution: Evolutionary Philosophy Deduces Truth and RealityEvolution: Evolutionary Philosophy Deduces Truth and RealityEvolution: Evolutionary Philosophy Deduces Truth and RealityThomas Huxley: Evolution, Evolutionary PhilosophyRobin Cooper, Evolutionary Philosophy

Evolutionary Philosophy Deduces Truth & Reality

The Wave Structure of Matter (WSM) in Space explains the Metaphysical Foundations of Evolution and Ecology


Introductory Quotes

Although I am fully convinced of the truth of the views given in this volume I by no means expect to convince experienced naturalists whose minds are stocked with a multitude of facts all viewed, during a long course of years, from a point of view directly opposite to mine. But I look with confidence to the future to young and rising naturalists, who will be able to view both sides of the question with impartiality. (Charles Darwin)

In scientific investigations, it is permitted to invent any hypothesis and, if it explains various large and independent classes of facts, it rises to the rank of a well-grounded theory. (Charles Darwin)

How extremely stupid for me not to have thought of that!
(Thomas Huxley's first reflection after mastering, in 1859, the central idea of Darwin's Origin of Species)

The different branches of science combine to demonstrate that the universe in its entirety can be regarded as one gigantic process, a process of becoming, of attaining new levels of existence and organization, which can properly be called a genesis or an evolution. (Thomas Huxley)

..that no absolute structural line of demarcation.. can be drawn between the animal world and ourselves. (Thomas Huxley, 1863 Man's Place in Nature)

Abuse for six or seven years on the part of the public is of not the greatest consequence when one happens to be in the right and stands to one's guns. (Thomas Huxley)


Evolution: Evolutionary Philosophy Deduces Truth and Reality Introduction to Metaphysics of Evolution

Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution is correct in the limited sense of life (plants, animals, fungi, etc.) but it exists without Metaphysical foundations. The Theory of Evolution does not explain what life is, how life exists as matter in Space, how life interacts with other life and matter at a distance in Space, how life reproduces, and how this caused life to evolve and adapt.

Only True Knowledge of Reality can provide this metaphysical foundation for Darwin's Theory of Evolution, and also our Cultural Evolution of Knowledge and Beliefs. Most significantly to humanity, as Wisdom is founded on Truth, until we know this Reality of What Exists, and thus what it truly means to be 'Human' it is impossible for humanity to be wise. And this wisdom is necessary if we are to succesfully evolve both Life and Knowledge / Culture that enables us to live in harmony with Nature and the Cosmos (and thus continue to survive in a universe that is both brutal and beautiful).

And so we realise that there is this profound problem for Evolution (and physics, philosophy, metaphysics, theology and humanity) to understand what is Evolving, what is Matter, what is Reality such that we may know what is Truth, what is wisdom.
This longstanding and most fundamental problem can now be solved with Logic from Evolution (Evolutionary Philosophy).

Darwinian Evolution tells us that Evolution must have existed before Humans evolved / existed. Thus there was a time before humans existed when the human mind did not exist. Nonetheless, despit this absense of Mind, evolutionary reasoning still requires that our ancestors (Primates, Protomammals) physically existed for us to evolve from them (to evolve arms and legs, eyes and ears, etc.). Thus life on earth existed before our ideas of life on earth.

We can demonstrate the truth of this using the Motion of the Earth as it orbits the Sun, and how this would necessarily affect the evolution of life on Earth. Due to the Earth's daily spin, Animal life has consequently evolved daily behaviours. This is clearly confirmed by many evolutionary adaptations and behaviours, e.g. Animals sleeping, nocturnal hunting (and large eyes, ears), photosynthesis of plants. Likewise migration of birds and hibernation of bears are two of many obvious seasonal adaptations and behaviours that are caused by the yearly orbit of the Earth about the Sun.

Thus evolution deduces that the Earth does in fact exist, spin, and orbit the Sun. Now most people would think that this is pretty obvious, (we sleep every night because the earth spins as it orbits the sun - Galileo is famous for proving the motion of the Earth with his telescope and mathematical logic).

Remarkably, modern philosophy now believes that the motion of the Earth about the Sun is merely an idea, a human construction / represenation, and we can never know what in Reality exists (i.e. Kantian Idealism).

Yet Evolutionary Philosophy deduces that the earth physically existed and moved before we existed and had ideas of its motion and thus clearly contradicts Idealism. In fact reason from Evolution enables us to move beyond Idealim to the Realism of what must have first existed for us to have evolved to exist. We know that the Earth must move and thus both Space and Motion must necessarily exist (a priori) for the Earth to move ( as we haved clearly shown that the Earth spins as it orbits the Sun causing plants and animals to evolve certain adaptations, and in more general terms it is a fact that animals have evolved the ability to move themselves which likewise necessarily requires the existence of Space and Motion.

This Evolutionary Logic, of deducing what must have existed before human animals / minds existed, provides the necessary foundations for all human knowledge. This Reality of 'What Exists' can now be sensibly explained with the Metaphysics of Space and Motion and the Wave Structure of Matter. (See links to articles at the top of this page.)

Note: This page is an evolving work in progress. Nonetheless, there is a wealth of wisdom to be found in the famous quotations of Charles Darwin, Thomas Huxley, and the many Evolutionists and Philosophers of the past century (and in True Knowledge of Reality!). We hope you enjoy browsing around.

Cosmos,
Geoff Haselhurst


Robin Cooper, Evolutionary Philosophy Evolution / Evolutionary Quotes from Famous Scientists

The biologist Julian Huxley (1887-1975) coined the term 'evolutionary vision' in advocating such an outlook, suggesting that 'unlike most theologies, it accepts the inevitability and, indeed, the desirability of change, and it advances by welcoming new discovery, even when this conflicts with the old way of thinking', and 'it shows us mind enthroned above matter, quantity subordinate to quality'. Elsewhere Huxley went even further and claimed:
'The different branches of science combine to demonstrate that the universe in its entirety can be regarded as one gigantic process, a process of becoming, of attaining new levels of existence and organization, which can properly be called a genesis or an evolution.'
(Cooper, The Evolving Mind)

Today, then, evolution is a term that is not restricted to biology. Ideas are said to evolve, as well as nations, technologies, indeed anything that changes. When used in a considered way and not merely as a cliche, however, the idea of evolution connotes more than change. It implies a process which, as in biology, is uninterrupted and causal, and which appears to follow an overall trend. (Cooper, The Evolving Mind)

The question of questions : Thomas H Huxley, Evolution by Natural Selection and Buddhism. By Derek Freeman

How extremely stupid for me not to have thought of that!
(Huxley's first reflection after mastering, in 1859, the central idea of Darwin's Origin of Species. p2)

In the Origin of Species, Darwin had not, in fact, discussed the bearing of Evolution theory on the human species, other than to remark that "Light will be thrown on the origin of man and his (sic) history." (p3)

..that no absolute structural line of demarcation.. can be drawn between the animal world and ourselves. (Huxley, 1863 Man's Place in Nature.p4)
Huxley was thus the first to construct, on the basis of Darwin's theory of evolution by ns, a clear and logical image of biological man, and as such, is clearly the founder of evolutionary anthropology. (Freeman.p4)

Abuse for six or seven years on the part of the public is of not the greatest consequence when one happens to be in the right and stands to one's guns. (Huxley.p4)

For Huxley, the notion that evolution can provide a foundation to morals was 'an illusion'. (Freeman.p9)

It will be admitted, that the garden is as much a work of art, or artifice, as anything that can be mentioned. The same proposition is true of all the work of man's hands, from a flint instrument, to a cathedral or a chronometer.. all of which as works of art or artifice, are to be clearly distinguished from the products of the cosmic process, working outside man, which we call natural.. (Huxley.p9)

Huxley is making the same distinction as Popper, between World 1, the world of natural objects, and World 3, the world of human creations; and like Popper, Huxley recognises that World 3 is produced by World 2, which is the world of human consciousness and choice.
Furthermore, and most significantly, Huxley in 1893, is recognising what anthropologists call culture is the result of human agency and choice, this being in crucial contrast to Tylor, for whom cultures were the products of natural selection, and to Kroeber and Boas, for whom culture, like God, was sui generis and beginningless. (Freeman.p9)

Othello, lago adjures Roderigo:
'..tis in ourselves that we are thus and thus. Our bodies are gardens, to which our wills are gardeners: so that if we plant nettles or sow lettuce.. why, the power and corrigible authority of this lies in our wills'
(p.10)

Man has worked his way to the headship of the sentient world and has become the dominant animal that he (sic) is, by virtue of his (sic) success in the struggle for existence; and, in this struggle- as among other animals - it is 'self-assertion, the unscrupulous seizing upon all that can be grasped, the tenacious holding of all that can be kept, that have mattered. (Huxley p.11)

Our brains are separate and independant enough from our genes to rebel against them.. we do so in a small way everytime we use contraception. There is no reason why we should not rebel in a large way too. (Dawkins The Selfish Gene 1989. p 14 Freeman)

William Baum, writing of animal organisms, has advanced as "fundamental" the propostion that 'all behaviour constitutes choice, because in any set of environmental conditions several alternatives can occur' (p 15)

The emergence of culture in the course of evolution is to be viewed therefore as 'a new niche that arose from the experimentation of animals with multiple choice behaviour,' and it is to this evolutionary innovation that the rise of cultural adaptations in the human species is traced. We thus have before us, as a result of the researchers of the previous decades, a view of human evolution in which the genetic and the cultural are distinct and interacting parts of a single system, and this means that, for anthropology, 'the evolution of choice behaviour is the key'. (Freeman.p 16)

Antonio Damasio, Prof of Neurology in the Uni. of Iowa, in his book of 1994: Descartes' Error : Emotion, Reason and The Human Brain, has shown from his study of individuals who have suffered damage to their brains, from the surgical removal of tumours, that the human capacity to make choices is principally located in the neural circuits in the frontal lobes.
The human capacity to make choices, from which both art and science spring, is thus biologically given. And further it is evident, that the two main mechanisms that have operated in the course of human evolution and history are the related mechanisms of natural selection and choice, for it is natural selection which has produced the brain in the frontal lobes of which the capacity to make choices is located. (Freeman.p 17)

Yet the freedom that our ability to make choices confers on us, is, as Dostoevsky realized, radically amoral in that it may endanger evil as readily as virtue- evil as in Claudius's prompting of Laertes to 'choose a sword unbated' and Laertes's choosing to annoint its point with the deadly contagion of an unction he had bought of a mountebank, or, on an altogether vaster and more horrific scale, the Holocaust. (Huxley. p 18)

..the potentiality to do good is also the potential to do evil, and this means that we humans, with impulses and propensities coded in our neuropeptides and in the limbic systems of our brains as the result of millions of years of ev. by means of ns, and possessing a freedom, through imaginative choice to enact these impulses and propensities in virtually an infinity of ways, are existentially in need- as are no other animals- of a code of ethics by which to order our behaviour. We are truly the changelings of possiblity. (Freeman.p 18)

For the first time in the history of the world, Buddhism proclaimed a salvation which each individual could gain from him or herself, in this world, during this life, without any least reference to God, or to gods either great or small. (Huxley p20)

It is proper for you to doubt.. do not go upon report.. do not go upon tradition..do not go upon hearsay..'
(Buddha, Kalama Sutra p20)

Criticism is the deliverance of the human mind from entanglements and passions. It is freedom itself. This is the true Buddhist standpoint.' ( T.L.V Murti, The Central Philosophy of Buddhism p21)

In Buddhism, one of the five precepts (all of which are concerned with the combating of natural inclination) is 'not to lie', and the apperception of things as they actually are, or sunyata, is the mark of an enlightened individual.

'...truth is better than much profit. I have searched over the grounds of my belief, and if wife and child and name and fame were all to be lost to me one after the other as the penalty, still I will not lie..
..The absolute justice of the system of things is as clear to me as any scientific fact. The gravitation of sin to sorrow is as certain as that of the earth to the sun, and more so- for the experimental proof of the fact is within reach of us all- nay, is before us all in our lives, if we had but eyes to see it' (Huxley, letter to Charles Kingsley Sept. 23 1860 p.21)

What our species needs, above all else, is a generally accepted ethical system that is compatible with the scientific knowledge we now possess. (Freeman. p23)

What the individual can do is to give a fine example, and to have the courage to uphold ethical values.. in a society of cynics. (Einstein, letter to Max Born. p 23)





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Biography: Geoffrey Haselhurst, Philosopher of Science, Theoretical Physics, Metaphysics, Evolution. Our world is in great trouble due to human behaviour founded on myths and customs that are causing the destruction of Nature and climate change. We can now deduce the most simple science theory of reality - the wave structure of matter in space. By understanding how we and everything around us are interconnected in Space we can then deduce solutions to the fundamental problems of human knowledge in physics, philosophy, metaphysics, theology, education, health, evolution and ecology, politics and society.

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