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This webpage contains a brief overview of the recently published book 'Philosophical Sketches'. Below you will find details on the book cover and back page text, links to other book chapters, and introduction. You can buy this book online at our Cafepress Philosophy Book Shop (Book Details: 90 pages, 30 full page portraits, 8.5 inches by 11 inches, $19.50 USD)
Hope you find it interesting,
Geoff Haselhurst & Karene Jade Howie


Buy this Philosophy Book onlinePhilosophical Sketches
The Life and Ideas of Thirty Famous Philosophers who Changed the World

A lively and concise journey through the central ideas of thirty famous philosophers. From ancient Indian, Greek and Chinese Philosophy to modern Western Philosophy, this book explores the changing foundations of human knowledge and their effect on how we think and live.
Includes full page portraits, brief biographies and selected quotes from some of the greatest minds of human history on the universal subjects of Truth, Reality, Nature, Cosmos, Wisdom, Morality, Mind, Education, Politics, Art, Religion & God.
Written for the lay person, while remaining true to the original ideas, this is an engaging account of the Metaphysical foundations of Philosophy that is both illuminating and thought provoking. (Cover Photograph: Plato & Aristotle - The School of Athens by Raphael)

Philosophy Book
Philosophical Sketches: Chapter Headings & Content Summary

Summary of Book: Chapter One on Lao Tzu
Lao Tzu
Summary of Book: Chapter Two on Buddha
Summary of Book: Chapter Three on Confucius
Summary of Book: Chapter Four on Heraclitus
Summary of Book: Chapter Five on Socrates
Summary of Book: Chapter Six on Plato
Summary of Book: Chapter Seven on Aristotle
Summary of Book: Chapter Eight on Zeno
Summary of Book: Chapter Nine on Cicero
Summary of Book: Chapter Ten on Marcus Aurelius
Marcus Aurelius
Summary of Book: Chapter Eleven on Leonardo da Vinci
da Vinci
Summary of Book: Chapter Twelve on Niccolo Machiavelli
Niccolo Machiavelli
Summary of Book: Chapter Thirteen on Michel de Montaigne
Michel de Montaigne
Summary of Book: Chapter Fourteen on Rene Descartes
Rene Descartes
Summary of Book: Chapter Fifteen on Thomas Hobbes
Thomas Hobbes
Summary of Book: Chapter Sixteen on Benedictus de Spinoza
de Spinoza
Summary of Book: Chapter Seventeen on John Locke
Summary of Book: Chapter Eighteen on Gottfried Leibniz
Gottfried Leibniz
Summary of Book: Chapter Nineteen on George Berkeley
George Berkeley
Summary of Book: Chapter Twenty on Voltaire
Summary of Book: Chapter Twenty One on David Hume
Summary of Book: Chapter Twenty Two on Jean Jacques Rousseau
Jean Jacques Rousseau
Summary of Book: Chapter Twenty Three on Immanuel Kant
Immanuel Kant
Summary of Book: Chapter Twenty Four on Arthur Schopenhauer
Arthur Schopenhauer
Summary of Book: Chapter Twenty Five on Henry David Thoreau
Henry David Thoreau
Summary of Book: Chapter Twenty Six on Leo Tolstoy
Summary of Book: Chapter Twenty Seven on Friedrich Nietzsche
Friedrich Nietzsche
Summary of Book: Chapter Twenty Eight on Sigmund Freud
Sigmund Freud
Summary of Book: Chapter Twenty Nine on Mohandas Gandhi
Mohandas Gandhi
Summary of Book: Chapter Thirty on Albert Einstein

Introduction to 'Philosophical Sketches'

Philosophy in our modern world is largely seen as abstract, esoteric and irrelevant to our daily lives. As the philosopher Michel de Montaigne wrote;

Oddly, things have now reached such a state that even among men of intelligence philosophy means something fantastical and vain, without value or usefulness, both in opinion and practice.” (de Montaigne, 1580)

However, if you read the history of philosophy, you realise that this was never its intent and this misconception has come about through the failure of philosophy. So how has philosophy failed?
At the time of the ancients (2,500 years ago) there was no separation between philosophy, physics and metaphysics. They realised that each of these subjects was dependent upon physical reality. The problem, quite simply, has been the failure to work out physical reality. Nonetheless, there are central elements of reality that are accepted by most philosophers and metaphysicists, these being;
i) The world we experience from our senses is different (representation of the mind) to the real world which causes our senses.
ii) Though we perceive many apparently separate objects, they are in fact connected. This requires an underlying unity to connect them, which has become known as the problem of the One and the Many. i.e. That there must be One thing which causes and connects the Many things.
iii) This One thing that exists must also have the properties of activity (flux, motion) to explain the phenomena of time and change.
iv) If language was to have any absolute meaning and truth it must directly connect to this underlying dynamic unity of reality (rather than our naive real senses of the world).

A simple example of this is the orbit of the earth about the sun. While we do not see any obvious connection between these apparently separate bodies, reason tells us that they must be connected. And while everyone knows that ‘gravity’ is the explanation, this word does not explain the cause of this connection.

The purpose of this book is to provide a brief summary of the central ideas of the most important philosophers of the past 2,500 years and their attempts to resolve these problems. Further, and most importantly, we have provided a short essay at the end of this book on the Metaphysics of Space and the Wave Structure of Matter which suggests that there is in fact a simple solution to this most profound of all problems, what is the true nature of reality and thus what does it really mean to be a human existing in the universe.

The history of philosophy is intriguing and thought provoking. Philosophers are generally interesting characters and at times, highly amusing. Philosophy is of benefit to everyone as it encourages us to think critically, examine our beliefs and to be governed by truth rather than custom or emotion. As Michel de Montaigne wrote;

If you want it to be so, history can be a waste of time; it can also be, if you want it to be so, a study bearing fruit beyond price. … Since philosophy is the art which teaches us how to live, and since children need to learn it as much as we do at other ages, why do we not instruct them in it? (de Montaigne, 1580)

We have tried to make this work accessible to everyone and to include philosophers who wrote on popular subjects such as politics, morality, education, nature, art and society. The book is formatted with large page size (coffee table style) as we have included full page images of the philosophers that can be removed to make nice poster prints. We hope you find it both interesting and illuminating.
Geoff Haselhurst, Karene Jade Howie (September, 2005)

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Biography: Geoffrey Haselhurst, Philosopher of Science, Theoretical Physics, Metaphysics, Evolution. Our world is in great trouble due to human behaviour founded on myths and customs that are causing the destruction of Nature and climate change. We can now deduce the most simple science theory of reality - the wave structure of matter in space. By understanding how we and everything around us are interconnected in Space we can then deduce solutions to the fundamental problems of human knowledge in physics, philosophy, metaphysics, theology, education, health, evolution and ecology, politics and society.

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