I Ching
Ancient Chinese Book of Change / Wisdom. Oracle of 64 Hexagrams, Yin Yang, Karl Jung, Causation, Chance, Free Will & Determinism


Introduction

'The I Ching (also called The Book of Changes) dates to approximately 3000 B.C.E. This famous oracular book is one of the oldest sacred texts in the world.

The book was traditionally written by the legendary Chinese Emperor Fu Hsi (2953-2838 B.C.). It is possible that the the I Ching originated from a prehistoric divination technique which dates back as far as 5000 B.C.'

(James Legge, Sacred Books of the East, vol. 16, 1899)

* To read the complete I Ching online see:
http://www.public-domain-content.com/books/i_ching/


The I Ching: Oracle of 64 Hexagrams

'The Book of Changes was a collection of linear signs to be used as oracles.

The oracle is one of 64 different hexagrams. The hexagram itself is composed of two trigrams, each consisting of three lines. Those lines are either straight (or Yang) or broken (Yin).

The Yang lines look like: ------
The Yin lines look like: -- --

The eight trigrams were conceived as images of all that happens in heaven and on earth. At the same time, they were held to he in a state of continual transition, one changing into another, just as transition from one phenomenon to another is continually taking place in the physical world. Here we have the fundamental concept of the Book of Changes. The eight trigrams are symbols standing for changing transitional states.

These eight images came to have manifold meanings. They represented certain processes in nature corresponding with their inherent character.

A brief survey of these eight symbols that form the basis of the Book of Changes yields the following classification:

Symbol Name Attribute Image Family Relationship
Ch'ien Creative strong heaven father
K'un the Receptive devoted, yielding earth mother
Chên the Arousing inciting, movement thunder first son
K'an the Abysmal dangerous water second son
Kên Keeping Still resting mountain third son
Sun the Gentle penetrating wind, wood first daughter
Li the Clinging light-giving fire second daughter
Tui the Joyous joyful lake third daughter

In order to achieve a still greater multiplicity, these eight images were combined with one another, whereby a total of sixty-four signs was obtained. Each of these sixty-four signs consists of six lines, either positive or negative. Each line is thought of as capable of change, and whenever a line changes, there is a change also of the situation represented by the given hexagram.'

http://www.iging.com/intro/introduc.htm


Book of Change / Wisdom

'Of far greater significance than the use of the I Ching as an oracle, is its other use as a book of wisdom. Laotsu knew this book, and some of his profoundest aphorisms were inspired by it. Indeed, his whole thought is permeated with its teachings. Confucius too knew the Book of Changes and devoted himself to reflection upon it.

If we inquire as to the philosophy that pervades the book, we can confine ourselves to a few basically important concepts. The underlying idea of the whole is the idea of change. It is related in the Analects that Confucius, standing by a river, said:

"Everything flows on and on like this river, without pause, day and night." (Confucius)

This expresses the idea of change. He who has perceived the meaning of change fixes his attention no longer on transitory individual things but on the immutable, eternal law at work in all change. This law is the tao of Lao-tsu, the course of things, the principle of the one in the many.

The second theme fundamental to the Book of Changes is its theory of ideas. The eight trigrams are images not so much of objects as of states of change. This view is associated with the concept expressed in the teachings of Lao-tse, as also in those of Confucius, that every event in the visible world is the effect of an "image," that is, of an idea in the unseen world. Accordingly, everything that happens on earth is only a reproduction, as it were, of an event in a world beyond our sense perception.

This theory of ideas is applied in a twofold sense. The Book of Changes shows the images of events and also the unfolding of conditions in statu nascendi. Thus, in discerning with its help the seeds of things to come, we learn to foresee the future as well as to understand the past. In this way the images on which the hexagrams are based serve as patterns for timely action in the situations indicated.

Not only is adaptation to the course of nature thus made possible, but in the Great Commentary (pt. II, chap. II), an interesting attempt is made to trace back the origin of all the practices and inventions of civilization to such ideas and archetypal images. Whether or not the hypothesis can be made to apply in all specific instances, the basic concept contains a truth.

The third element fundamental to the Book of Changes are the judgments. The judgments clothe the images in words, as it were; they indicate whether a given action will bring good fortune or misfortune, remorse or humiliation. The judgments make it possible for a man to make a decision to desist from a course of action indicated by the situation of the moment but harmful in the long run. In this way he makes himself independent of the tyranny of events.

In its judgments, and in the interpretations attached to it from the time of Confucius on the Book of Changes opens to the reader the richest treasure of Chinese wisdom; at the same time it affords him a comprehensive view of the varieties of human experience, enabling him thereby to shape his life of his own sovereign will into an organic whole and so to direct it that it comes into accord with the ultimate tao lying at the root of all that exists.

http://www.iging.com/intro/introduc.htm


Trigrams & Yin And Yang

'The basic component of the I Ching is a three lined symbol called the Trigram. Each of the three lines in a trigram can either be straight or broken. A straight line symbolizes Yang: A broken line stands for Yin.

Yang ______________

Yin _____ _____

Meaning much more than just female/male, Yin-Yang are the Chinese terms for the basic polarities of the Universe. Yang is time, light, strong. Yin is space, dark, weak. Yang is the direction upwards, Yin downwards. Yang is the closed circle, Yin is the open angle. Yang is clockwise, Yin counter-clockwise. Yang is hard, resistant and tense, Yin is soft, yielding and relaxed.

By the use of the two kinds of lines each trigram also has yin and yang. Eight Yin-Yang combinations are possible with three components. The trigrams thereby depict the eight types of consciousness (actually 7 consciousness + 1 Awareness). The eight trigrams are basic symbols of Eastern philosophy. They are found everywhere throughout the Orient. They are even depicted on the flag of South Korea. Each of the eight trigrams has an inner structure, image, motivation and essence as shown in the following chart:

http://www.ichingwisdom.com/IChingWisdom/trigrams.html


Study of the trigrams can help you to understand Awareness and your states of consciousness. But the trigrams alone can not help you with existential decisions and choices. This requires the doubling of the trigrams into inner and outer worlds wherein six lines are used to create the Hexagram. The I Ching book is made up of the 64 possible Hexagrams and commentary on each Hexagram.

http://www.ichingwisdom.com/IChingWisdom/hexagrams.html


Karl Jung and the I Ching
Causation, Chance, Necessary Connection, Free Will & Determinism, Dynamic Unity of Reality

The following is an excerpt written by the pychoanalyst Karl Jung as an introduction to the I Ching.

'In order to understand what such a book is all about, it is imperative to cast off certain prejudices of the Western mind. it is a curious fact that such a gifted and intelligent people as the Chinese has never developed what we call science. Our science, however, is based upon the principle of causality, and causality is considered to be an axiomatic truth. But a great change in our standpoint is setting in. What Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason failed to do, is being accomplished by modern physics.

The axioms of causality are being shaken to their foundations: we know now that what we term natural laws are merely statistical truths and thus must necessarily allow for exceptions. We have not sufficiently taken into account as yet that we need the laboratory with its incisive restrictions in order to demonstrate the invariable validity of natural law. If we leave things to nature, we see a very different picture: every process is partially or totally interfered with by chance, so much so that under natural circumstances a course of events absolutely conforming to specific laws is almost an exception.

The Chinese mind, as I see it at work in the I Ching, seems to be exclusively preoccupied with the chance aspect of events. What we call coincidence seems to be the chief concern of this peculiar mind, and what we worship as causality passes almost unnoticed. We must admit that there is something to be said for the immense importance of chance. An incalculable amount of human effort is directed to combating and restricting the nuisance or danger represented by chance. Theoretical considerations of cause and effect often look pale and dusty in comparison to the practical results of chance. It is all very well to say that the crystal of quartz is a hexagonal prism. The statement is quite true in so far as an ideal crystal is envisaged. But in nature one finds no two crystals exactly alike, although all are unmistakably hexagonal. The actual form, however, seems to appeal more to the Chinese sage than the ideal one. The jumble of natural laws constituting empirical reality holds more significance for him than a causal explanation of events that, moreover, must usually be separated from one another in order to be properly dealt with.

In other words, whoever invented the I Ching was convinced that the hexagram worked out in a certain moment coincided with the latter in quality no less than in time. To him the hexagram was the exponent of the moment in which it was cast - even more so than the hours of the clock or the divisions of the calendar could be - inasmuch as the hexagram was understood to be an indicator of the essential situation prevailing in the moment of its origin. This assumption involves a certain curious principle that I have termed synchronicity,2 a concept that formulates a point of view diametrically opposed to that of causality. Since the latter is a merely statistical truth and not absolute, it is a sort of working hypothesis of how events evolve one out of another, whereas synchronicity takes the coincidence of events in space and time as meaning something more than mere chance, namely, a peculiar interdependence of objective events among themselves as well as with the subjective (psychic) states of the observer or observers.' (Karl Jung)

http://resources.taopage.org/docs/intro_jung.pdf


Pa Kua

In Chinese, "Pa" means eight and "Kua" means changes. Pa-Kua, the art of the "Eight Changes", is thus a complete knowledge helping us through the ever changing situations of our daily life.

The Eight Changes

The Eight Changes are the basis of the original Chinese knowledge. The I-Ching,
the most ancient book of Chinese knowledge, uses this concept as a starting point in to
its multiplication and formation of the 64 Hexagrams.

The study of the Eight Changes gives us an understanding of events and people
we encounter in our daily life. It helps us look in to our past, understand it, and therefore
helps us guide ourselves into the future.
The popular saying "those who forget their past are bound to repeat their mistakes in the future"
is a clear summary of how the knowledge of the Eight Changes helps us navigate our future.

Used as a system of classification of our ever-changing surroundings, the Eight Changes clarifies our
understanding of the universe and its influences on our daily lives.


HEAVEN
EARTH

THUNDER

WOOD

WATER

FIRE

MOUNTAIN

LAKE
Strength,
Creativity,
Pure Will

Docility,
Receptive,
Acceptance

Movement,
Initiative,
Action
Penetration,
Following Danger,
Change Brightness,
Inter-
connection
Stillness,
Grounded,
Balance
Pleasure,
Joy,
Attraction

http://www.pakua.org/


Health

Acupuncture
Acupuncture
Body Points
Agriculture
Agriculture
Farming
Alternative Natural Medicine CAM
Alternative Medicine
Aromatherapy
Aromatherapy
Essential Oils
Ayurvedic Medicine
Ayurvedic
Medicine
Chi Kung
Chi Kung
(Qigong)
Drugs: Abuse Addiction
Drugs: Illegal
Estrogens, the Pill and Environment
Estrogens: The Pill
Exercise and Sport
Exercise
Sport
Feng Shui
Feng Shui
Chinese
Genetic Modification GMO
Genetic Modification
Richard Gerber Vibration Healing
Gerber, Richard
Holistic Energy Healing
Holistic
Healing
Homeopathy
Homeopathy
Remedies
I Ching
I Ching
Wisdom
Iridology
Iridology
Eye Charts
Herbicides Pesticides
Herbicides
Pesticides
Naturopathy: Natural Herbal Medicine
Naturopathy Herbal
Nutrition and Food
Nutrition Food
Organic Gardening Farming
Organic Gardening
Positive Parenting and Fun Families
Positive
Parenting
Pranic Healing
Pranic
Healing
Reiki
Reiki
Qi Energy
Sunscreen
Sunscreen: Toxic
Sunshine Vitamin D
Sunshine
Vitamin D
Vaccination
Vaccines
Vaccination
Vibrational Medicine Energy
Vibrational
Medicine
Water Memory
Water
Memory
Yoga Meditation
Yoga
Meditation
 


- Send a very cool philosophy / wisdom postcard - RSS Feed (XML  1.0 / RSS 2.0)RSS


Facebook Connect
Connect in an Inter-Connected Universe!

Connect with Geoff Haselhurst at Facebook - Add as Friend

 


"In a time of universal deceit - telling the truth is a revolutionary act."
(George Orwell)



"Hell is Truth Seen Too Late."
(Thomas Hobbes)






Help Humanity

"You must be the change you wish to see in the world."
(Mohandas Gandhi)

Albert Einstein"When forced to summarize the general theory of relativity in one sentence: Time and space and gravitation have no separate existence from matter. ... Physical objects are not in space, but these objects are spatially extended. In this way the concept 'empty space' loses its meaning. ... The particle can only appear as a limited region in space in which the field strength or the energy density are particularly high. ...
The free, unhampered exchange of ideas and scientific conclusions is necessary for the sound development of science, as it is in all spheres of cultural life. ... We must not conceal from ourselves that no improvement in the present depressing situation is possible without a severe struggle; for the handful of those who are really determined to do something is minute in comparison with the mass of the lukewarm and the misguided. ...
Humanity is going to need a substantially new way of thinking if it is to survive!" (Albert Einstein)


Biography: Geoffrey Haselhurst, Philosopher of Science, Theoretical Physics, Metaphysics, Evolution. Our world is in great trouble due to human behaviour founded on myths and customs that are causing the destruction of Nature and climate change. We can now deduce the most simple science theory of reality - the wave structure of matter in space. By understanding how we and everything around us are interconnected in Space we can then deduce solutions to the fundamental problems of human knowledge in physics, philosophy, metaphysics, theology, education, health, evolution and ecology, politics and society.

This is the profound new way of thinking that Einstein realised, that we exist as spatially extended structures of the universe - the discrete and separate body an illusion. This simply confirms the intuitions of the ancient philosophers and mystics.

Given the current censorship in physics / philosophy of science journals (based on the standard model of particle physics / big bang cosmology) the internet is the best hope for getting new knowledge known to the world. But that depends on you, the people who care about science and society, realise the importance of truth and reality.

It is easy to help - just click on the social network sites (below) or grab a nice image / quote you like and add it to your favourite blog, wiki or forum. We are listed as one of the top philosophy sites on the Internet (600,000 page views / week) and have a wonderful collection of knowledge from the greatest minds in human history, so people will appreciate your contributions. Thanks! Geoff Haselhurst - Karene Howie - Email



Connect with Geoffrey
Support simple sensible science that works

YouTube       MySpace       Facebook       Twitter



"All that is necessary for evil to succeed is for good people to do nothing."
(Edmund Burke)



http://www.spaceandmotion.com/health/i-ching-book-of-change.htm
I Ching: The Book of Change / Wisdom. Ancient Chinese Oracle Text, Hexagram, Meanings, Interpretation, Chance, Causation, Determinism, Free Will, Karl Jung





The Philosophy Shop
'The Gift of Truth Excels all Other Gifts.' (Buddha)

One of the top ten shops at Cafepress for the past two years (out of 3 million shops!).
A brilliant collection of portraits and quotes from 500 of the greatest minds in human history.

Large Posters - Small Posters - Mini Poster Prints - Framed Poster Panel Prints - 2010 Wall Calendars - Journals / Diaries - Postcards - Greeting Cards - Mousepads - Bumper Stickers - Coffee Cups, Mugs & Beer Steins - Wall / Time Clocks - Buttons / Badges - Fridge Magnets - Jewelry Box & Coasters
'At his best, man is the noblest of all animals; separated from law and justice he is the worst.' (Aristotle)
Ancient Greek Philosophy
'Hatred is never appeased by hatred in this world; it is appeased by love. This is an eternal Law.' (Buddha)
Chinese Indian Metaphysics
'I have striven not to laugh at human actions, not to weep at them, nor to hate them, but to understand them.' (Spinoza)
Western Philosophy
'The whole problem with the world is that fools and fanatics are always so certain of themselves, and wiser people so full of doubts.' (Bertrand Russell)
20th Century Philosophers
'The scientist only imposes two things, namely truth and sincerity, imposes them upon himself and upon other scientists'. (Erwin Schrodinger)
Physics Prints Science Quote
'The laws of Nature are but the mathematical thoughts of God.' (Euclid)
Mathematics Mathematicians
'I am one of those who think like Nobel, that humanity will draw more good than evil from new discoveries.' (Marie Curie)
Scientists Inventors
'Religion is regarded by the common people as true, by the wise as false, and by the rulers as useful.' (Seneca the Younger)
God Religion Morality
'If civilization is to survive, we must cultivate the science of human relationships - the ability of all peoples, of all kinds, to live together, in the same world at peace.' (Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR))
Famous Leader Politics
'Since philosophy is the art which teaches us how to live, and since children need to learn it as much as we do at other ages, why do we not instruct them in it?' (Michel de Montaigne on Philosophy of Education)
Education Educational
'The wise man must remember that while he is a descendant of the past, he is a parent of the future.' (Herbert Spencer)
Evolution Life Nature Ecology
'The Truth is far more powerful than any weapon of mass destruction.' (Mohandas Mahatma Gandhi)
Motivational Inspirational
'No one was ever yet a great poet, without being at the same time a profound philosopher. For poetry is the blossom and the fragrancy of all human knowledge, human thoughts, human passions, emotions, language.' (Samuel Taylor Coleridge)
Metaphysical Poets & Poetry
'In a time of universal deceit - telling the truth is a revolutionary act.' (George Orwell)
Literature Books Authors
'Neither a lofty degree of intelligence nor imagination nor both together go to the making of genius. Love, love, love, that is the soul of genius.' (Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart)
Musicians Composers
'No man chooses evil because it is evil; he only mistakes it for happiness, the good he seeks.' (Mary Wollstonecraft, Vindication of the Rights of Women)
Women Feminism Art
'Fantasy, abandoned by reason, produces impossible monsters; united with it, she is the mother of the arts and the origin of marvels.' (Francisco de Goya)
Renaissance Fine Art Prints
'QUESTION: What do you get when you cross the Godfather with a philosopher? ANSWER: An offer you can't understand.'
Satire Humor Funny Jokes
Unique Custom Printed Tees - Men's Women's White T-Shirts - Men's Women's Black T-Shirts - Longsleeve T Shirts Hooded Sweatshirts - Women's Long Sleeve Clothing - Tight Sexy Ladies Clothes - Men's & Women's Boxer Shorts / Boxers - Women's Intimate Lingerie: Erotic Thongs / Sexy Slips - Cotton Canvas Printed Tote Bag & Messenger Bags - Children / Infant / Kids Clothes - Printed Kitchen Chef BBQ Cooking Aprons - Baseball Caps & Trucker Hats - Dog Clothes



Copyright 1997 - 2012
We support 'Fair Use' of these pages for Academic & Non Commercial use.
You are welcome to use images and text, but please reference them with a link to relevant web page on this site. Thanks!

Creative Commons License


Facebook ConnectFacebook Connect
 
Follow Geoff Haselhurst @philosophytruth on Twitter.Follow
@philosophytruth
Share this Page - Help Humanity - Support simple sensible Science that works.Share The Philosophy ShopPhilosophy
Shop
Send Free Postcards / Greeting Cards.Free
Postcards
RSS Feed (XML  1.0 / RSS 2.0)RSS