Seneca

Seneca Stoicism PhilosophySeneca Stoicism PhilosophySeneca Stoicism PhilosophySeneca Stoicism Philosophy

Philosophy - Famous Philosophers - Seneca (3 B.C. - 65 A.D.)
Truth & Reality of Famous Roman Stoic Philosopher Seneca
Quotations Seneca

Speech devoted to truth should be straightforward and plain (Seneca)
Life itself is neither a good nor an evil: life is where good or evil find a place, depending on how you make it for them.(Seneca)
‘non vitae sed scholae discimus’. [We are taught for the schoolroom not for life] (Seneca)
Now we are not merely to stick knowledge on to the soul: we must incorporate it into her; the soul should not be sprinkled with knowledge but steeped in it. (Seneca)
Other men's sins are before our eyes; our own are behind our backs. (Seneca)

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Introduction - Seneca Biography - Seneca Quotes - Bertrand Russell Quotations on Seneca, Stoicism - Links / Seneca - Top of Page

Introduction

Seneca Stoicism Philosophy Philosophy of Seneca

Seneca was a Roman Stoic philosopher who lived 3 B.C. to 65 A.D. The philosophy of Seneca is refreshingly simple, sensible and virtuous - an obvious contrast to most modern abstract philosophy. So how can we correct the current confusion and absurdity of our 'enlightened' post modern philosophy (and learn from these great minds of the past)? To understand the truth about Reality by describing the One Thing that exists, Space, and its Properties as a Wave Medium.
Which also confirms the Stoics view of Reality, as the famous Roman Stoic philosopher / emperor Marcus Aurelius wrote;

All things are woven together and the common bond is sacred, and scarcely one thing is foreign to another, for they have been arranged together in their places and together make the same ordered Universe. For there is one Universe out of all, one God through all, one substance and one law, one common Reason of all intelligent creatures and one Truth.
Frequently consider the connection of all things in the universe.
We should not say ‘I am an Athenian’ or ‘I am a Roman’ but ‘I am a citizen of the Universe. (Marcus Aurelius, Meditations)

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Introduction - Seneca Biography - Seneca Quotes - Bertrand Russell Quotations on Seneca, Stoicism - Links / Seneca - Top of Page

Seneca - I leave you what is of far more value than earthly riches, the example of a virtuous life. Seneca Biography (3 B.C. to 65 A.D.)

Seneca was a Spaniard, whose father was a cultivated man living in Rome. Seneca adopted a political career, and was moderately successful when he was banished to Corsica (A.D. 41) by the Emperor Claudius, because he had incurred the enmity of the Empress Messalina. Claudius's second wife Agrippina recalled Seneca from exile in A.D. 48 and appointed him tutor of her son, aged eleven. Seneca was less fortunate than Aristotle in his pupil, who was the Emperor Nero. Although, as a Stoic, Seneca officially despised riches, he amassed a huge fortune, amounting, it was said, to three hundred million sesterces (about three million pounds). Much of this he acquired by lending money in Britain; according to Dio, the excessive rates of interest that he exacted were among the causes of revolt in that country. The heroic Queen Boadicea, if this is true, was heading a rebellion against capitalism as represented by the philosophical apostle of austerity.

Gradually, as Nero's excesses grew more unbridled, Seneca fell increasingly out of favour. At length he was accused, justly or unjustly, of complicity in a widespread conspiracy to murder Nero and place a new emperor - some said, Seneca himself - upon the throne. In view of his former services, he was graciously permitted to commit suicide (A.D. 65)

His end was edifying. At first, on being informed of the Emperor's decision, he set about making a will. When told that there was no time allowed for such a lengthy business, he turned to his sorrowful family and said:

Seneca- The death of Seneca'Never mind, I leave you what is of far more value than earthly riches, the example of a virtuous life'.

He then opened his veins, and summoned his secretaries to take down his dying words; according to Tacitus, his eloquence continued to flow during his last moments. His nephew Lucan, the poet, suffered a similar death at the same time, and died reciting his own verses. Seneca was judged, in future ages, rather by his admirable precepts than by his somewhat dubious practice. (Russell, The History of Western Philosophy)


Introduction - Seneca Biography - Seneca Quotes - Bertrand Russell Quotations on Seneca, Stoicism - Links / Seneca - Top of Page

Seneca Stoicism Philosophy Seneca Quotes

Enjoy present pleasures in such a way as not to injure future ones. (Seneca)
Constant exposure to dangers will breed contempt for them. (Seneca)
One should count each day a separate life. (Seneca)
The day which we fear as our last is but the birthday of eternity. (Seneca)
Fire is the test of gold; adversity, of strong men. (Seneca)
While we are postponing, life speeds on. (Seneca)
Our plans miscarry because they have no aim. When a man does not know what harbor he is making for, no wind is the right wind.
.. If one does not know to which port one is sailing, no wind is favorable. (Seneca)
It is not the man who has little, but the man who craves more, that is poor. (Seneca)

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Introduction - Seneca Biography - Seneca Quotes - Bertrand Russell Quotations on Seneca, Stoicism - Links / Seneca - Top of Page

Seneca, Stoicism & Zeno Quotations from Bertrand Russell
The History of Western Philosophy

Zeno - God is not separate from the world; He is the soul of the world, and each of us contains a part of the Divine Fire. All things are parts of one single system, which is called Nature; the individual life is good when it is in harmony with Nature. Zeno- Founder of Stoicism. Born in Cyprus, some time during the later half of the fourth century BC.

God is not separate from the world; He is the soul of the world, and each of us contains a part of the Divine Fire. All things are parts of one single system, which is called Nature; the individual life is good when it is in harmony with Nature. In one sense, every life is in harmony with Nature, since it is such as Nature’s laws have caused it to be; but in another sense a human life is only in harmony with Nature when the individual will is directed to ends which are among those of Nature. Virtue consists in a will which is in agreement with Nature. The wicked, though perforce they obey God’s law, do so involuntarily; in the simile of Cleanthes, they are like a dog tied to a cart, and compelled to go wherever it goes.
In the life of an individual man, virtue is the sole good; such things as health, happiness, possessions, are of no account. Since virtue resides in the will, everything really good or bad in a man’s life depends only upon himself. He may be poor, but what of it? He can still be virtuous. He may be sentenced to death, but he can die nobly, like Socrates. Other men have power only over externals; virtue, which alone is truly good, rests entirely with the individual. Therefore every man has perfect freedom, provided he emancipates himself from mundane desires. (Zeno) (Bertrand Russell, History of Western Philosophy)

Zeno had no patience with metaphysical subtleties. Virtue was what he thought was important, and he only valued physics and metaphysics in so far as they contributed to virtue. Zeno attempted to combat the metaphysical tendencies of the age by means of common sense, which, in Greece, meant materialism. Doubts as to the trustworthiness of the senses annoyed him, and he pushed the opposite doctrines to extremes. (Bertrand Russell, History of Western Philosophy)

The main doctrines to which the school remained constant throughout are concerned with cosmic determinism and human freedom. Zeno believed that there was no such thing as chance, and that the course of nature is rigidly determined by natural laws. (Bertrand Russell, History of Western Philosophy)

Not only are bad passions condemned, but all passions.
The Stoic is not virtuous in order to do good, but does good in order to be virtuous. It has not occurred to him to love his neighbour as himself; love, except in a superficial sense, is absent from his conception of virtue.
When I say this, I am thinking of love as an emotion, not as a principle. As a principle, the Stoics preached Universal Love; this principle is found in Seneca and his successors.. (Bertrand Russell, History of Western Philosophy)

Zeno defined God as the fiery mind of the world, God was a bodily substance, and that the whole universe formed the substance of God; Tertullian says that, according to Zeno, God runs through the material world as honey runs through the honeycomb.
According to Diogenes Laertius, Zeno held that the General Law, which is Right Reason, pervading everything, is the same as Zeus, the Supreme Head of the government of the universe: God, Mind, Destiny, Zeus, are one thing. Destiny is the power which moves matter; Providence and Nature are other names for it. (Bertrand Russell, History of Western Philosophy)


Introduction - Seneca Biography - Seneca Quotes - Bertrand Russell Quotations on Seneca, Stoicism - Links / Seneca - Top of Page

Seneca Stoicism Philosophy Links / Seneca, Philosophy, Stoicism, Philosophers

Philosophy: Stoicism Zeno - Famous Roman Stoic Philosopher Zeno realised the Interconnection of All Things in the Universe.
Philosophy: Morality Ethics - The Fundamental Morality of World Religions 'Do Unto Others ...' is Logically True as the Other is Part of Self.
Aristotle - On Philosopher Aristotle's Metaphysics and Physics (Motion). (Aristotle was one of the greatest of the famous philosophers and should be read by all people interested in philosophy and wisdom.)
Aurelius, Marcus - Famous Stoic Roman Emperor & his Meditations on our Interconnected Existence in the Universe & how we are to live. We should not say - I am an Athenian or I am a Roman but I am a Citizen of the Universe.
Cicero - WSM explains Famous Roman Philosopher Cicero, On the Nature of the Gods 'As a philosopher, I have a right to ask for a rational explanation of religious faith.'
Socrates - 'Know Thyself' - Condemned to death for educating the youth to Philosophy and arguing that people are ignorant of the Truth. Information, Biography - On the Life and Death of Socrates (The Last Days of Socrates by Plato).
Philosophy: Greek Philosophers - All is One (Space) and Active-Flux (Wave Motion). Thales, Anaximander, Anaximenes, Heraclitus, Parmenides, Atomists (Democritus, Lucretius), Socrates, Plato, Epicurus.





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