Mans most disagreeable habits and idiosyncrasies,
his deceit, his cowardice, his lack of reverence, are engendered by his
incomplete adjustment to a complicated civilisation. It is the result of
the conflict between our instincts and our culture. (Sigmund Freud)
Analyse any human emotion, no matter how far it may be removed from the sphere of sex, and you are sure to discover somewhere the primal impulse, to which life owes its perpetuation. ... The primitive stages can always be re-established; the primitive mind is, in the fullest meaning of the word, imperishable. (Sigmund Freud, 1915).
Sigmund Freud recognised the conflicts between
our Cultural Evolution (society, customs) and Biological Evolution (sex
and survival) as the source of humanity's discontent, depression and violence.
As Physicist Milo Wolff (who first formalised the Wave Structure of Matter) writes,
Although most of the human race has left
the hunter-gatherer stage of evolution several thousand years ago, our
emotions and our bodies are still equipped for that former life style.
The contrast with life styles in an industrialized society has brought
problems for the human race. Our bodies have many physical capabilities
but few of us make use of them. We no longer chase game, climb trees,
ford rivers or dig in the earth to find food. Instead we choose to become
couch potatoes and buy our food at the super-markets. Our bodies pay
a price for this life of leisure. We grow fat, our arteries clog up,
and our feet hurt.
Our stone-age minds are still equipped to carry out the seven deadly sins: greed, avarice, sloth, etc. in accordance with natural evolution during the last million years in the forest. Society makes laws and rules to prevent us from following our natural inclination of self-preservation and survival of the fittest. Most of us learn to behave ourselves but we develop unhappiness, neurotic tendencies, hypochondria, paranoia, lack of confidence and other ills that fatten the purses of psychiatrists. (Milo Wolff)
It is obvious that to truly (and fundamentally) Know Thyself
and how we are to live requires understanding how we exist as Matter in
Space, which can now be explained with the Wave Structure of Matter (thus
explaining the metaphysical foundations of Darwinian Evolution and Freud's
Geoff Haselhurst, Karene Howie, Email
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), the Austrian Jew who founded psychoanalysis, trained as a physician in Vienna. He also studied in Paris under Jean-Marie Charcot, who used hypnosis as a treatment for hysteria. Freud later developed his own therapeutic technique - conversational 'free association' - as well as the psychoanalytic theory of defence mechanism and repression, which argued that neurosis was the result of infantile sexuality (what he called the 'seduction theory'). In 1900 he published The Interpretation of Dreams and in 1902 was appointed extraordinary professor of neuropathology at the University of Vienna, thereafter concentrating on the study of psychological and psychopathological behaviour, and the role of sexuality of the unconscious. In 1938, when the Nazis annexed Austria (having already banned psychoanalysis in Germany), he emigrated to England. He died of cancer of the jaw.
Penguin Book of Interviews, Penguin Books, 1993
The first human who hurled an insult instead of a stone was the founder of civilization. (Sigmund Freud)
Being entirely honest with oneself is a good exercise. (Sigmund Freud)
A man should not strive to eliminate his complexes, but to get into accord with them; they are legitimately what directs his conduct in the world. (Sigmund Freud)
Every normal person, in fact, is only normal on the average. His ego approximates to that of the psychotic in some part or other and to a greater or lesser extent. (Sigmund Freud)
Look into the depths of your own soul and learn first to know yourself, then you will understand why this illness was bound to come upon you and perhaps you will thenceforth avoid falling ill. (Sigmund Freud)
On Secessionist Movements inside Psychoanalysis
Suppose, for instance, that an analyst attaches little value to the influence of the patient's personal past and looks for the causation of neuroses exclusively in present-day motives and in expectations of the future. In that case he will also neglect the analysis of childhood; he will have to adopt an entirely different technique and will have to make up for the omission of the events from the analysis of childhood by increasing his didactic influence and by directly indicating certain particular aims in life. We for our part will then say: 'This may be a school of wisdom; but it is no longer analysis.' Or someone else may arrive at the view that the experience of anxiety at birth sows the seed of all later neurotic disturbances. It may thereupon seem to him legitimate to restrict analysis to the consequences of this single impression and to promise therapeutic success from a treatment lasting from three to four months. As you will observe, I have chosen two examples which start from diametrically opposite premises. It is an almost universal characteristic of these 'secessionist movements' that each of them takes hold of one fragment out of the wealth of themes in psycho-analysis and makes itself independent on the basis of this seizure - selecting the instinct for mastery, for instance, or ethical conflict, or the mother, or genitality, and so on. (Sigmund Freud, New Introductory Lessons on Psychoanalysis)
The Sense of Inferiority
In fact 'inferiority complex' is a technical term that is scarcely used in psycho-analysis. For us it does not bear the meaning of anything simple, let alone elementary. To trace it back to the self-perception of possible organic defects, as the school of what are known as 'Individual Psychologists' likes to do, seems to us a short-sighted error. The sense of inferiority has strong erotic roots. A child feels inferior if he notices that he is not loved, and so does an adult. The only bodily organ which is really regarded as inferior is the atrophied penis, a girl's clitoris. But the major part of the sense of inferiority derives from the ego's relation to its super-ego; like the sense of guilt it is an expression of the tension between them. Altogether, it is hard to separate the sense of inferiority and the sense of guilt. It would perhaps be right to regard the former as the erotic complement to the moral sense of inferiority. (Sigmund Freud, New Introductory Lessons on Psychoanalysis)
Religion is an attempt to master the sensory world in which we are situated by means of the wishful world which we have developed within us as a result of biological and psychological necessities. (Sigmund Freud, New Introductory Lessons on Psychoanalysis)
The psychoanalysis of individual human beings, however, teaches us with quite special insistence that the god of each of them is formed in the likeness of his father, that his personal relation to God depends on his relation to his father in the flesh and oscillates and changes along with that relation, and that at bottom God is nothing other than an exalted father. (Sigmund Freud)
In my Future of an Illusion (1927) I was concerned much less with the deepest sources of religious feeling than with what the common man understands by his religion- with the system of doctrines and promises which on the one hand explains to him the riddles of the world with enviable completeness, and, on the other, assures him that a careful Providence will watch over his life and will compensate him in a future existence for any frustrations he suffers here. The common man cannot imagine this Providence otherwise than in the figure of an enormously exalted father. Only such a being can understand the needs of the children of men and be softened by their prayers and placated by the signs of their remorse. The whole thing is so patently infantile, so foreign to reality, that to anyone with a friendly attitude to humanity it is painful to think that the great majority of mortals will never be able to rise above this view of life. It is still more humiliating to discover how large a number of people living today, who cannot but see that this religion is not tenable, nevertheless try to defend it piece by piece in a series of pitiful rearguard actions. (Sigmund Freud, Society and its Discontents 1930)
It is always possible to bind together a considerable number of people in love, so long as there are other people left over to receive the manifestations of their aggression. (Sigmund Freud)
From error to error, one discovers the entire truth. (Sigmund Freud)
No one who, like me, conjures up the most evil of those half-tamed demons that inhabit the human beast, and seeks to wrestle with them, can expect to come through the struggle unscathed. (Sigmund Freud)
Religion is an illusion and it derives its strength from its readiness to fit in with our instinctual wishful impulses. (Sigmund Freud)
What a distressing contrast there is between the radiant intelligence of the child and the feeble mentality of the average adult. (Sigmund Freud)
Whoever loves becomes humble. Those who love have, so to speak, pawned a part of their narcissism. (Sigmund Freud)
I propose that when we have succeeded in describing a psychical process in its dynamic, topographical and economic aspects, we should speak of it as a metapsychological presentation. (Sigmund Freud)
'Anxiety' describes a particular state of expecting the danger or preparing for it, even though it may be an unknown one. 'Fear' requires a definite object of which to be afraid. 'Fright', however, is the name we give to the state a person gets into when he has run into danger without being prepared for it; it emphasizes the factor of surprise. (Sigmund Freud)
An instinct is an urge inherent in organic life to restore an earlier state of things (Sigmund Freud)
The aim of all life is death. (Sigmund Freud)
One feels inclined to say that the intention that man should be 'happy' is not included in the plan of 'Creation.' . . . We are so made that we can derive intense enjoyment only from a contrast and very little from a state of things. (Sigmund Freud)
It might be said of psychoanalysis that if you give it your little finger it will soon have your whole hand. (Sigmund Freud)
Analogies, it is true, decide nothing, but they can make one feel more at home. (Sigmund Freud)
The great question that has never been answered and which I have not yet been able to answer, despite my thirty years of research into the feminine soul, is 'What does a woman want? (Sigmund Freud)
The voice of the intellect is a soft one, but it does not rest until it has gained a hearing. (Sigmund Freud, The Future of an Illusion)
When making a decision of minor importance, I have always found it advantageous to consider all the pros and cons. In vital matters, however, such as the choice of a mate or a profession, the decision should come from the unconscious, from somewhere within ourselves. In the important decisions of personal life, we should be governed, I think, by the deep inner needs of our nature. (Sigmund Freud)
CONSCIOUSNESS is an electrochemical function of the nervous system. Insert a new chemical into the brain and CONSCIOUSNESS changes radically. (Sigmund Freud)
CONSCIOUSNESS is energy received and decoded by a STRUCTURE. In human beings, the receiving-decoding structures are neuro-chemical. (Sigmund Freud)
The EGO, or territorial-status circuit of the primate brain is a social creation for which one person at a time gets the blame. (Sigmund Freud)
We have often heard the opinion advanced that SCIENCE should be built on clear and sharply defined IDEAS. In fact no science with such definitions. THINKING is an experiment dealing with small quantities of energy, just as a general moves miniature figures over a map before setting his troops in ACTION. (Sigmund Freud)
The poets and philosophers before me discovered the UNCONSCIOUS; what I discovered was the scientific method by which the unconscious can be studied. (Sigmund Freud)
Woman, whom culture has burdened with the heavier load (especially in propagation) ought to be judged with tolerance and forbearance in areas where she has lagged behind man. (Sigmund Freud)
I am not really a man of science, not an OBSERVER, not an EXPERIMENTER, and not a THINKER. I am by temperament nothing but a CONQUISTADOR . . . with the curiosity, the boldness, and the tenacity that belong to that type of person. (Sigmund Freud)
Knowledge is the intellectual manipulation of carefully verified observations. (Sigmund Freud)
Thought is action in rehearsal. (Sigmund Freud)
Men are strong only so long as they represent a strong idea. They become powerless when they oppose it. (Sigmund Freud)
Devout believers are safeguarded in a high degree against the risk of certain neurotic illnesses; their acceptance of the universal neurosis spares them the task of constructing a personal one. (Sigmund Freud)
We are never so defenseless against suffering as when we love, never so forlornly unhappy as when we have lost our love object or its love. (Sigmund Freud)
The mind is like an iceberg, it floats with one-seventh of its bulk hidden below water. (Sigmund Freud)
Just as a cautious businessman avoids investing all his capital in one concern, so wisdom would probably admonish us also not to anticipate all our happiness from one quarter alone. (Sigmund Freud)
Thus we obtain our concept of the unconscious from the theory of repression. The repressed is the prototype of the unconscious for us. (Sigmund Freud)
We are threatened with suffering from three directions: from our own body, which is doomed to and dissolution and which cannot even do without pain and anxiety as warning signals; from the external world, which may rage against us with overwhelming and merciless forces of destruction; and finally from our relations to other men. The suffering which comes from this last source is perhaps more painful than any other. (Sigmund Freud)
I have found little that is "good" about human beings on the whole. In my experience most of them are trash, no matter whether they publicly subscribe to this or that ethical doctrine or to none at all. That is something that you cannot say aloud, or perhaps even think. (Sigmund Freud)
Civilization is a process in the service of Eros, whose purpose is to combine single human individuals,and after that families, then races, peoples and nations, into one great unity, the unity of mankind. Why this has to happen, we do not know; the work of Eros is precisely this. (Sigmund Freud)
However much the analyst may become tempted to become a teacher, model and ideal for other people and to create men in his own image, he should not forget that that is not his task in the analytic relationship, and indeed he will be disloyal to his task if he allows himself to be led on by his inclinations. If he does, he will only be repeating a mistake of the parents who crushed their child's independence by their influence, and he will be replacing the patient's earlier dependence by a new one. (Sigmund Freud)
Informing the patient of what he does not know because he has repressed it is only one of the necessary preliminaries to the treatment. If knowledge about the unconscious were as important for the patient as people inexperienced in psychoanalysis imagine, listening to lectures or reading books would be enough to cure him. Such measures, however, have as much influence on the symptoms of nervous illnas a distribution of menu-cards in a time of famine has upon hunger. (Sigmund Freud)
.. a child sucking at his mother's breast has become the prototype of every relation of love. The finding of an object is in fact a refinding of it; and, furthermore, introducing object loss as an unavoidable step in the path to mental evolution, that it is only later that the instinct loses that object, just at the time, perhaps, when the child is able to form a total idea of the person to whom the organ that is giving him satisfaction belongs. (Sigmund Freud)
No one who has seen a baby sinking back satiated from the breast and falling asleep with flushed cheeks and a blissful smile can escape the reflection that this picture persists as a prototype of the expression of sexual satisfaction in later life. (Sigmund Freud)
Seventy years of life have taught me to accept life with cheerful humility. (Sigmund Freud)
I do not rebel against the universal order. After all, I have lived over seventy years. I had enough to eat. I watched many things – the comradeship of my wife, my children, the sunsets. I watched the plants grow in the springtime. Now and then the grasp of a friendly hand was mine. Once or twice I met a human being who almost understood me. What more can I ask? (Sigmund Freud)
Does it mean something to you that your name will live?
(Freud) Nothing whatsoever, even if it should live, which is by no means certain. I am far more interested in the fate of my children. I hope their life will not be so hard. However, fortunately, age is not too heavy a burden. I carry on! My work still gives me pleasure. I am far more interested in this blossom, than anything that may happen to me after I am dead.
H ave you any wish for immortality?
(Freud) Frankly, no. If one recognises the selfish motives which underlie all human conduct, one has not the slightest desire to return. Life, moving in a circle, would still be the same .. As far as I am concerned, I am perfectly content to know that the eternal nuisance of living will be finally done with. Our life is necessarily a series of compromises, a never-ending struggle between the ego and his environment. The wish to prolong life unduly, strikes me as absurd.
Even as hate and love for the same person dwell in our bosom at the same time, so all life combines with the desire to maintain itself, an ambivalent desire for its own annihilation. (Sigmund Freud)
The doctors want to make analysis except by licensed physicians illegal. History, the old plagiarizer, repeats herself after every discovery. The doctors fight every new truth in the beginning. Afterwards, they try to monopolise it. (Sigmund Freud)
To understand all is not to forgive all. Psychoanalysis teaches us not only what we may endure, it also teaches us what we must avoid. It tells us what must be exterminated. Tolerance of evil is by no means a corollary of knowledge. (Sigmund Freud)
What is your objection to the beast? I prefer the society of animals infinitely
to human society. ..They are so much simpler. They do not suffer from a
divided personality, from the disintegration of the ego, that arises from
man's attempt to adapt himself to standards of civilisation too high for
his intellectual and psychic mechanism.
The savage, like the beast, is cruel, but he lacks the meanness of the civilised man. Meanness is man's revenge upon society for the restraints it imposes. This vengefulness animates the professional reformer and the busybody. The savage may chop your head, he may eat you, he may torture you, but he will spare you the continuous pinpricks which make life in a civilised community at times almost intolerable. Mans most disagreeable habits and idiosyncrasies, his deceit, his cowardice, his lack of reverence, are engendered by his incomplete adjustment to a complicated civilisation. It is the result of the conflict between our instincts and our culture. (Sigmund Freud)
Psychoanalysis simplifies life. We achieve a new synthesis after analysis. Psychoanalysis reassorts the maze of stray impulses, and tries to wind them around the spool to which they belong. Or, to change the metaphor, it supplies the thread that leads a man out of the labyrinth of his own unconscious. Psychoanalysis never shuts the door on a new truth. (Sigmund Freud)
Analyse any human emotion, no matter how far it may be removed from the sphere of sex, and you are sure to discover somewhere the primal impulse, to which life owes its perpetuation. (Sigmund Freud)
It is a handicap if certain accepted scientific conventions become too deeply encrusted in the mind of the student. (Sigmund Freud)
It is admirable how the yearning to perceive the truth has overcome every other yearning in you. You have shown with impelling lucidity how inseparably the combative and destructive instincts are bound up in the human psyche with those of love and life. But at the same time there shines through the cogent logic of your arguments a deep longing for the great goal of internal and external liberation of mankind from war. This great aim has been professed by all those who have been venerated as moral and spiritual leaders beyond the limits of their own time and country without exception, from Jesus Christ to Goethe and Kant. It is not significant that such men have been universally accepted as leaders, even though their efforts to mould the course of human affairs were attended with small success?
I am convinced that the great men, those whose achievements in howsoever restricted a sphere set them above their fellows, share to an overwhelming extent the same ideal. But they have little influence on the course of political events. It almost looks as if this domain on which the fate of nations depends has inescapably to be given over to the violence and irresponsibility of political rulers.
Political leaders or governments owe their position partly to force and partly to popular election. They cannot be regarded as representative of the best elements, morally or intellectually, in their respective nations. The intellectual elite have no direct influence on the history of nations in these days; their lack of cohesion prevents them from taking a direct part in the solution of contemporary problems.
Don't you think that a change might be brought about in this respect by a free association of people whose previous achievements and actions constitute a guarantee of their ability and purity of aim? This association of an international nature, whose members would need to keep in touch with each other by a constant interchange of opinions, might, by defining its attitude in the Press- responsibility always resting with the signatories on any given occasion- acquire a considerable and salutary moral influence over the settlement of political questions. Such an association would, of course, be a prey to all the ills which so often lead to degeneration in learned societies, dangers which are inseparably bound up with the imperfections of human nature. But should not an effort in this direction be risked in spite of this? I look upon such an attempt as nothing less than an imperative duty.
If an intellectual association of standing, such as I have
described, could be formed, it would also have to make a consistent effort
to mobilise the religious organisations for the fight against war. It would
give countenance to many whose good intentions are paralysed today by a
melancholy resignation. Finally, I believe that an association formed of
persons such as I have described, each highly esteemed in his own line,
would be well suited to give valuable moral support to those elements in
the League of Nations which are really working toward the great objective
for which that institution exists. I had rather put these proposals to
you than to anyone else in the world, because you, least of all men, are
the dupe of your desires and because your critical judgment is supported
by a most grave sense of responsibility.
(Albert Einstein writing to Sigmund Freud)
Philosophy: Mind - Mind Puzzles: The Connection between Mind, Body & the Cosmos. How our Mind Senses the Motion of Matter in Space.
Jung, Carl - Quotations from Psychoanalyst Carl Jung's Undiscovered Self analysed from the Wave Structure of Matter.
Prosser, Richard - Excellent article written in 1970s on Physical States of Consciousness. Relates Eastern Philosophy to Western Physics.
Theology: Atheist Atheism Agnostic Agnosticism - Religion is our Connection to What Exists and Causes all Things (Universe, Physical Reality, God) thus we are all Religious. Religion should Unite us to One Thing and thus bring Harmony to Humanity. 'A little philosophy inclineth men's minds to atheism; but depth in philosophy bringeth men's minds to religion.' (Bacon)
http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/freud/freud03.html - From the Individual to Society - Sigmund Freud: Conflict and Culture (Library of Congress Exhibition). In his writings on the origins of society, Freud combined his own theories of psychological conflict with Darwinian views on how the earliest humans lived in organized groups. Freud borrowed freely from contemporary anthropology. He even adopted ideas that had already lost scientific credibility, such as the notion that we physically inherit aspects of our ancestors' experience. The primitive stages can always be re-established; the primitive mind is, in the fullest meaning of the word, imperishable. (Sigmund Freud, 1915)
http://users.rcn.com/brill/freudarc.html - Sigmund Freud and the Freud Archives. This collection of links points to Internet resources related to Sigmund Freud and his works. A great resource on Sigmund Freud.
http://www.utm.edu/research/iep/f/freud.htm - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. WORKS BY FREUD: The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud. Lengthy article on the father of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud.
http://www.mythosandlogos.com/Freud.html - Sigmund Freud, his story, his thought .. heaps of great links. Do not judge too harshly of a first attempt at picturing a thing so elusive as the human mind. (Sigmund Freud)
http://www.freudfile.org/ - Sigmund Freud, work, self-analysis, biography, bibliography, quotes, references, paper store, internet resources, links. Sigmund Freud - Life and Work.
http://www.lucidcafe.com/library/96may/freud.html - Sigmund Freud Austrian Originator of Psycho-Analysis. Men are strong only so long as they represent a strong idea. (Sigmund Freud)
http://www.english.upenn.edu/~afilreis/50s/freud-civ.html - Excerpt from Civilization & Its Discontents by Sigmund Freud.
http://www.gender.org.uk/about/01psanal/11_freud.htm - About Gender - Freud and Psychoanalysis
'The Gift of Truth Excels all Other Gifts.' (Buddha)
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