Jainism Religion
The Metaphysics of Space and Motion & Wave Structure of Matter (WSM) explains Metaphysics of Jainism Philosophy: All is One and Dynamic


There seems to be a lot of wisdom in Jain Philosophy. As the following quote explains;

Jainism - Jain Philosophy is founded on a Dynamic Infinite and Eternal Universe (no creator) and the existence of six universal entities, substances or dravyas. All of the six substances (soul (Jiva), matter (Pudgal), space (Akas), medium of motion (Dharmastikay), medium of rest (Adharmastikay), time (Kaal or Samay) are indestructible, imperishable, immortal, eternal and perpetually changing.

The Metaphysics of Space and Motion and the Wave Structure of Matter is a simple science explanation of the Dynamic Unity of Reality.
This knowledge therefore unites Jainism's six universal entities. Space is the One Substance (Infinite, Eternal) which Exists with the properties of a wave-medium. Matter, as the Spherical Wave Motion of Space, determines the Size of our Finite Spherical Universe within an Infinite Space. Thus Matter and the Universe are One.
The impermanence / flux of matter is caused by the continual wave Motion of Space (which causes both Matter and Time), and the Interconnection of all things is due to the Spherical In and Out Waves which interact with all other matter in the universe.

We appreciate this might not much sense at first. That is why we recommend reading the main articles (see links on side of page). Below you will find a few different articles on Jainism Philosophy. Enjoy!

Karene Howie

Six Universal Entities
(Substances or Dravyas) - Jain Structural View Of The Universe

Jain Philosophy does not give credence to the theory that the God is a creator, survivor, or destroyer of the universe. On the contrary, it asserts that the universe has always existed and will always exist in exact dherence to the laws of the cosmos. There is nothing but infinity both in the past and in the future. The world of reality or universe consists of two classes of objects:

Living beings (conscious, chetan, jiva) and Non-living objects (unconscious, achetan, ajiva). Non-living objects are further classified into five categories:

matter (Pudgal)
space (Akas)
medium of motion (Dharmastikay)
medium of rest (Adharmastikay)
time (Kaal or Samay)

The five nonliving entities together with the living beings, totaling six are aspects of reality in Jainism. They are also known as six universal entities, substances or dravyas. All of the six substances are indestructible, imperishable, immortal, eternal and continuously go through countless changes.

Soul (Jiva):
Its essential characteristic is consciousness. This is the only knowing substance. It possesses perfect knowledge, perfect vision, perfect power, and perfect bliss. It also possesses the property of contraction and expansion like that of light. They are of innumerable numbers. Living being can not be created or can not be destroyed. The total number of living beings remain same in the entire universe at all the time.

Matter (Pudgala)
It is matter or body.
It has senses (touch, taste, smell, sight, and hearing).
They are of infinite number
It possesses color
It does not have consciousness or knowledge.
The smallest particle of matter is known as Parmanu (atom).

Medium of Motion (Dharma)
Medium of motion helps in the movement of soul and matter. ex. water provides medium for fish to move.
It does not possess senses, color, or body.
It does not have a consciousness or knowledge.
It exists in Lokakas. (Universe)

Medium of Rest (Adharma)
Medium of rest helps to rest soul and matter. ex. People rest in the shade of a tree
It does not possess senses, color, or body.
It does not have consciousness or knowledge.
It exists in Lokakas. (Universe)

Space (Akasa)
Space provides room to soul, matter, dharma, adharma, and time.
It pervades everywhere (infinite).
It is the support of everything and thus it is self supported.
It has no form, color, taste, smell, and touch.
It does not perform any action (inactive), however it does give accommodation to soul and matter of their actions.
It is one and whole.
Where medium of motion and rest substances exist, it is called Lokakas. (Universe)
The remaining space is empty and is called Alokakas. (non-Universe)

Time (Kaal)
There are two views exist in Jainism with regards to time.
One view: Time is an imaginary thing, it has no real existence. Another view: Time has a real existence consisting of innumerable time atoms.

The Concept of Reality or Entity or Substance (Dravya):

A reality is defined to have an existence (Sat).
Each reality or entity continuously undergoes countless changes known as origination and destruction. This is known as Paryaya of a substance. In the midst of changes its qualities remain unchanged which is called permanence. This is also known as Gunas of the substance.

Hence every entity (substance or object) in the universe has three aspects:
Origination - Utpada (continuous changes)
Destruction - Vyaya (continuous changes)
Permanence - Dhrauvya (permanent)

A natural description of reality takes into consideration these three aspects:
permanence in the midst of change
identity in the midst of diversity
unity in the midst of multiplicity
While undergoing various modifications, either natural or artificial, the basic substance remains unchanged and is permanent, while the forms change and are transient.

Jainism believes that universe and all its substances or entities are eternal. It has no beginning or end with respect to time. There is no need of some one to create or manage the affairs of the universe. Universe in run own its own accord by its own cosmic laws. Hence Jainism does not believe in God as a creator, survivor, and destroyer of the universe.

However Jainism does believe in God. When a living being destroys all his karmas, he possesses perfect knowledge, vision, power, and bliss. He becomes omniscient and omnipotent. This living being is a God of Jain religion. Hence Jains do not believe in one God. Gods in Jain religion are innumerable and the number is continuously increasing as more living beings attain liberation. Every living being has a potential to become God of the Jain religion.

Jainism begins with a serious concern for the human soul in its relationship with the laws governing existence in the universe,with other living beings, and to its own future state in eternity.
First and foremost, it is a religion of the heart: the golden rule is Ahimsa or nonviolence in all parts of a person - mental,verbal, and physical. Jains have deep compassion for all forms of life. Jainism offers a quiet, overwhelmingly serious way of life, a cultural insistence on compassion, a society of ethics that has dramatically changed the world and will continue to effect change. Jainism is an ecologically responsible way of life which is nonviolent in thought, action, and deed.

The "Jains" are the followers of the Jinas. "Jina" literally means "Conqueror." He who has conquered love and hate, pleasure and pain, attachment and aversion, and has thereby freed `his' soul from the karmas obscuring knowledge, perception, truth, and ability, is a Jina. The Jains refer to the Jina as God.

Jainism Sites

Jain Principles, Tradition and Practices - Introduction to Jainism, Directories
& Lists, Jainism in the Eyes of Others, Jain History: An Outline.

Jain Dharma - History, Articles, Links on Jainism Philosophy

Jain History, Jainism Philosophy - Summary of Beliefs & Information

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