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## Physics: The Fine Structure ConstantExplaining the Fine Structure Constant with Resonant Coupling of the Wave Structure of Matter in Space

Dear fellows of the WSM team,

The origin of constants in the framework of WSM is a puzzling question that can be put like this:

i) How constants like the fine structure constant, the Planck constant h, the speed of life c, and so, can be embedded in the wave structure of particles, so that they appear the same every time every where?

ii) What is the wave mechanism able to conserve and reveal them when needed?

Let me tell you a fine story.

We assume that the universe is filled with around 1080 particles. The half base 2 logarithm of this value is around 137. And we know that the base 2 logarithm is that of information, particularly when using binary choices.

In our electron model, the emitted out-wave leaves the particle, travels through the universe and comes back as in-wave towards the particle. Doing that, the wave crosses other wave center 'particles' without forcibly establishing interaction with them if phases do not mach. As Milo Wolff put forth in his book Exploring the Physics of the Unknown Universe (p.90), we assume that the wave interacts with the square root of the number of particles in the Universe, be 1040. The wave is slowed down by every encounter. So we can easily assume that the wavelength of the coming back in-wave which carries information is shorter than the emitted one according to the ratio L0/137, L0 being the fundamental wavelength, = c/f0 of the relation:

hf0 = m0c2

If you look at the animation on my website, where the difference between the two waves is L/10, you see that the phase wave passes over the particle, each time the particle has traveled L/10 -I name this one repositioning which occurs with the frequency f. So in our electron case, for every repositioning with the frequency f0, the electron displaces of L0/137.

In the universe, everything is moving and, even for a particle at rest, at every repositioning the new position of the particle is slightly different, distant every time of around L0/137 from the previous position. So, that produces a fuzziness in a certain area that gives the electron the appearance of having this width, the physicists call that its radius R (Milo Wolff, p.132):

R = e2/mc2 = L0/137

and we obtain easily from this formula the elements of the fine structure constant known with this precise value :

e2/hc = 1/137.036

Moreover, as we see again on the animation every 10 wavelengths, the phase wave swells to its maxima; that occurs for the electron every 137 wavelengths. So at that distance, or its multiples, of the particle appears a peculiar, spherical structure where amplitudes are maximal. This structure is able to play a role in electromagnetic interaction between particles.

In the Balmer-Rydberg formula, the Rydberg constant is :

R = me2/4pi hbar3

which can be written as;

e4/(2hbar2 c2 L0)

We find again the square of the fine structure constant, multiplied by the wavelength. This gives the radius of the first orbit of the hydrogen atom and overall explains why it is like that.

This demonstration gives us to feeling of the great power of WSM : providing clear explanations for poorly known physical phenomena; here, a mere difference between the wavelengths of in- and out- waves is sufficient for explaining the mysterious value, 137.036, of the fine structure constant we find everywhere in the particle and as well in the atom.

Great cosmic thoughts for all of the WSM team.

Denys Lépinard

## Help Humanity

"You must be the change you wish to see in the world."
(Mohandas Gandhi)

"When forced to summarize the general theory of relativity in one sentence: Time and space and gravitation have no separate existence from matter. ... Physical objects are not in space, but these objects are spatially extended. In this way the concept 'empty space' loses its meaning. ... The particle can only appear as a limited region in space in which the field strength or the energy density are particularly high. ...
The free, unhampered exchange of ideas and scientific conclusions is necessary for the sound development of science, as it is in all spheres of cultural life. ... We must not conceal from ourselves that no improvement in the present depressing situation is possible without a severe struggle; for the handful of those who are really determined to do something is minute in comparison with the mass of the lukewarm and the misguided. ...
Humanity is going to need a substantially new way of thinking if it is to survive!" (Albert Einstein)

Our world is in great trouble due to human behaviour founded on myths and customs that are causing the destruction of Nature and climate change. We can now deduce the most simple science theory of reality - the wave structure of matter in space. By understanding how we and everything around us are interconnected in Space we can then deduce solutions to the fundamental problems of human knowledge in physics, philosophy, metaphysics, theology, education, health, evolution and ecology, politics and society.

This is the profound new way of thinking that Einstein realised, that we exist as spatially extended structures of the universe - the discrete and separate body an illusion. This simply confirms the intuitions of the ancient philosophers and mystics.

Given the current censorship in physics / philosophy of science journals (based on the standard model of particle physics / big bang cosmology) the internet is the best hope for getting new knowledge known to the world. But that depends on you, the people who care about science and society, realise the importance of truth and reality.

## It is Easy to Help!

Just click on the Social Network links below, or copy a nice image or quote you like and share it. We have a wonderful collection of knowledge from the greatest minds in human history, so people will appreciate your contributions. In doing this you will help a new generation of scientists see that there is a simple sensible explanation of physical reality - the source of truth and wisdom, the only cure for the madness of man! Thanks! Geoff Haselhurst (Updated September, 2018)

A new scientific truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents and making them see the light, but rather because its opponents eventually die, and a new generation grows up that is familiar with it. (Max Planck, 1920)

"All that is necessary for evil to succeed is for good people to do nothing."
(Edmund Burke)

"In a time of universal deceit - telling the truth is a revolutionary act."
(George Orwell)

"Hell is Truth Seen Too Late."
(Thomas Hobbes)