The following essay was written to an academic philosophy mailing list I am on - the reply related to 4 different posts dating back several years.
1. Science vs. "Science". i.e. Science founded on real things which do physically exist, vs. "science" founded on imaginary things that only exist in our mind (realism vs. postmodern relativism / logical positivism).
2. Why philosophy (philosophers) contribute so little to modern society given that our world faces many problems and philosophy is meant to help humanity think and act more wisely.
3. The relationship between matter and mind.
4. Causality and locality in physics.
It is a little long (for the internet!), but well considered, and its subject
matter of truth, reality and a wiser human society is clearly central to
If we are to solve these problems then obviously you need to know what physical reality is. The essay shows that if you describe reality most simply, then you find that there is only one solution, a Wave Structure of Matter in Space.
So rather than describing reality in terms of the motion of matter particles in space and time (which then requires forces / fields to connect the discrete particles) it is simpler to describe matter in terms of the wave motion of Space. Thus motion applies to space rather than matter 'particles' in Space. This moves us from a metaphysics of Space and Time to a Metaphysics of Space and Motion, where the wave motion of space causes matter and time.
This then leads to simple sensible solutions for the above problems. (And I apologize for its abruptness, it is not due to any arrogance, I know people are busy so I feel that it is best to state things bluntly.)
An electron is a spherical standing wave in space. The positron (anti-matter) is just the opposite phase standing wave - thus matter anti-matter annihilation is due to destructive wave interference. The wave center of the spherical standing wave forms the particle effect that we see, the spherical in and out waves connect matter to all other matter in the observable universe (matter is active, and in continual 2 way communication with matter around it due to its spherical in and out waves - what we currently call forces / fields). We only see the high wave amplitude wave-center and have been deceived into thinking matter was a discrete particle.
Protons and Neutrons are more complex wave structures that require further
study. The waves are scalar waves as found in quantum theory, not vector
electromagnetic waves of relativity. This page of wave diagrams helps visualise
This is the most simple science foundation for describing physical reality, founded on the one and only thing that we all commonly experience as one thing, space (mind and matter are many things - but always experienced in a common space).
And I wonder how many of you have every thought of applying Occam's razor
to science to deduce this most simple science theory of reality (there are
no other websites on the internet that discuss this - which is strange,
particularly when this is also consistent with metaphysics and the underlying
unity of reality / substance).
We can then show that this is the correct solution by deducing the fundamentals of physics. This video is useful, but it is necessary to study the wave structure of matter in detail.
(Retired professor of mathematical physics, Dr Milo Wolff explains how we can simply deduce the relativistic mass increase and de Broglie wavelength for relative motion of two spherical standing waves - thus uniting these fundamentals of special relativity and quantum theory for the first time.)
So lets apply this knowledge of the wave structure of matter to the four problems listed above. I will start with the last problem first, on causality and locality.
This was posted a few days ago;
"What sort of correlations between separated physical systems are allowed in Nature? And when are such correlations genuine causal influences? These questions have raised deep puzzles in the foundations of physics. In fact, different successful theories embody radically different answers, often in the form of underlying principles. A tension concerning the principle of locality emerges already in the classical picture: in Newtonian mechanics forces can act at a distance between material bodies, whereas in electromagnetism effects propagate from points to neighboring points by means of fields. Quantum mechanics, then, exhibits a quite peculiar form of non-locality, that has puzzled physicists and philosophers of physics since the earlier formulations of the theory. Particles sharing an entangled state are so deeply intertwined that measurement events on one of them seem to instantaneously affect the others, no matter how far away from each other they are located.
The picture gets even more complicated if one considers Einstein's principle of causality as a relativistic constraint. The interpretation of quantum field theory, which unifies quantum mechanics and special relativity, thus heavily depends on how one answers the above questions. This workshop surveys the physical notions of causality and locality and their mutual relation, as they emerge in ordinary quantum mechanics as well as in classical and quantum field theories."
The confusion arises because we talk in terms of discrete particles and continuous fields - without understanding their connection to one another. As the wave structure of matter explains, neither exist (they are imaginary things only). The wave center of the spherical
standing wave forms the 'particle' effect that we see, the spherical in and
out waves cause the 'field' effects that connect matter to all other matter in the observable universe.
An easy way to explain this is to take the example of dropping a ball and seeing it fall to the earth. We never see the causal connection, just the effects of this. So we must imagine this causal connection, which is the foundation of metaphysics. As David Hume wrote;
"When we look about us towards external objects, and consider the operation of causes, we are never able, in a single instance, to discover any power or necessary connexion; any quality, which binds the effect to the cause, and renders the one an infallible consequence of the other. ... experience only teaches us, how one event constantly follows another; without instructing us in the secret connexion, which binds them together, and renders them inseparable." (Hume, 1737)
The problem for modern physics was that it evolved from Newton's mechanics, which was founded on discrete particles and instantly acting forces in absolute space and time. Now Newton realised the limitations of this approach, as he wrote;
It is inconceivable that inanimate brute matter should,
without mediation of something else which is not matter, operate on and
affect other matter without mutual contact. ... That gravity should be innate,
inherent and essential to matter, so that one body may act upon another
at-a-distance, through a vacuum, without the mediation of anything else
by and through which their action may be conveyed from one to another, is
to me so great an absurdity that I believe no man, who has in philosophical
matters a competent faculty of thinking, can ever fall into it.
So far I have explained the phenomena by the force of gravity, but I have not yet ascertained the cause of gravity itself. ... and I do not arbitrarily invent hypotheses. (Newton. Letter to Richard Bentley 25 Feb. 1693)
The solution. Well there are no discrete and separate particles moving about in space and time (as Einstein realised). In fact reality is clearly interconnected, thus there must be one common thing that connects the many things we experience. Leibniz states this most simply;
"Reality cannot be found except in One single source, because of the interconnection of all things with one another." (Gottfried Leibniz, 1670)
Further, both Aristotle and Leibniz realised that motion / activity must be central to this one substance (to explain time / change / motion).
"The first philosophy (Metaphysics) is universal and is exclusively concerned with primary substance. ... And here we will have the science to study that which is just as that which is, both in its essence and in the properties which, just as a thing that is, it has. ... The entire preoccupation of the physicist is with things that contain within themselves a principle of movement and rest. And to seek for this is to seek for the second kind of principle, that from which comes the beginning of the change. ... There must then be a principle of such a kind that its substance is activity. ... that among entities there must be some cause which moves and combines things. ... about its coming into being and its doings and about all its alterations we think that we have knowledge when we know the source of its movement." (Aristotle, Metaphysics, 340BC)
"I do not conceive of any reality at all as without genuine unity. ... I maintain also that substances, whether material or immaterial, cannot be conceived in their bare essence without any activity, activity being of the essence of substance in general." (Gottfried Leibniz, 1670)
They were correct. Unfortunately we have been deluded into thinking motion / activity applied to matter 'particles' in space and time rather than applying motion to space itself, as the wave motion of space. Time is really just our perception that matter is dynamic / active and continually changing. So Aristotle was very close to the truth, as he wrote;
"Movement, then, is also continuous in the way in which time is - indeed time is either identical to movement or is some affection of it. ... there being two causes of which we have defined in the Physics, they seem to have a glimpse of them, that of matter and that from which the motion comes, indistinctly though, and in no way clearly." (Aristotle, Metaphysics)
And Ernst Mach is spot on;
"It is utterly beyond our power to measure the changes of things by time. Quite the contrary, time is an abstraction at which we arrive by means of the changes (motion) of things." (Ernst Mach)
Thus we are moving from a metaphysics of Space and Time to a metaphysics of Space and Motion (as the wave motion of space that causes matter and time).
Because we are describing reality most simply in terms of waves in space, we can now clearly understand this causal connection between matter. The wave center of the spherical standing wave forms the 'particle' effect that we see - the spherical in and out waves connect these wave center 'particles' to all other matter in the universe (what we currently call forces / fields). In fact the solutions to cosmology are found by realising that the spherical in waves of one 'particle' are formed from the out waves of all other matter in the observable universe (this is a necessary consequence of Huygens' principle, which then deduces Mach's principle).
This explains why energy exchanges are local (limited by the velocity of light), because they are determined by the velocity of the spherical in waves, which is the velocity of light c. However, Einstein's error was to work with continuous fields in space-time, rather than waves in continuous space. This is a very important distinction, as the wave structure of matter solves two further problems that Einstein pondered upon throughout his life without a solution, what is a 'photon' and are matter interactions also non-local (entanglement).
i) The Discrete Properties of Light
Why are light interactions discrete (photons)? Because standing waves only exist at discrete frequencies, so the electron can only exist at discrete frequencies in its wave patterns around the nucleus. And light is a form of resonance between these bound spherical resonators which is also discrete - and the reason why Schrödinger's wave equations are used to calculate these values. Quantum physics has been telling us for 80 years that reality is founded on waves, as Schrodinger wrote;
"What we observe as material bodies and forces are
nothing but shapes and variations in the structure of space. Particles are
just schaumkommen (appearances). ...
The world is given to me only once, not one existing and one perceived. Subject and object are only one. The barrier between them cannot be said to have broken down as a result of recent experience in the physical sciences, for this barrier does not exist. ... Let me say at the outset, that in this discourse, I am opposing not a few special statements of quantum physics held today (1950s), I am opposing as it were the whole of it, I am opposing its basic views that have been shaped 25 years ago, when Max Born put forward his probability interpretation, which was accepted by almost everybody. ... I don't like it, and I'm sorry I ever had anything to do with it." (Schrödinger E, The Interpretation of Quantum Physics. Ox Bow Press, Woodbridge, CN, 1995).
ii) Non-Locality (EPR / Entanglement)
Einstein could also never understand how non-local interactions could
occur. The wave structure of matter solves this perfectly. When you move
two spherical standing waves relative to one another (velocity v) you get
Doppler shifts that cause a phase wave (the de Broglie wave) which has a
velocity of c^2 / v. So for example if the relative motion is 1% the speed
of light, then the phase wave velocity is 100c. This background phase wave
(beat) determines the allowed energy states of the electron in its wave
function 'orbit' within atoms / molecules. So although energy exchanges
are local, the allowed energy states are non-local. i.e. When you observe
the state of one electron (collapse its wave function) you create a de Broglie
phase wave that is non-local which then determines the allowed states of
other entangled electrons non-locally.
This has confused scientists for the past 30 years (since Aspects EPR experiment confirmed non locality / entanglement). Although this is very complex, the underlying mechanism of non-locality due to the faster than light phase wave is actually very simple once known (as is often the case).
Most importantly, not only does this relative motion of spherical standing waves deduce solutions to these central problems of QT, it also deduces in the same wave equations the relativistic mass energy increase (where e=hf). Maths physicist Milo Wolff deduced this back in 1984 - his video listed above explains this. Also see;
Albert Einstein was close to the truth in rejecting the discrete particle concept of matter, his error was to work from continuous fields in space-time (mathematical) rather than discrete standing wave interactions in continuous Space (physically real). He writes;
"When forced to summarize the general theory of relativity
in one sentence: Time and space and gravitation have no separate existence
"Physical objects are not in space, but these objects are spatially extended (as fields). In this way the concept 'empty space' loses its meaning. ... The field thus becomes an irreducible element of physical description, irreducible in the same sense as the concept of matter (particles) in the theory of Newton. ... The physical reality of space is represented by a field whose components are continuous functions of four independent variables - the co-ordinates of space and time. Since the theory of general relativity implies the representation of physical reality by a continuous field, the concept of particles or material points cannot play a fundamental part, nor can the concept of motion. The particle can only appear as a limited region in space in which the field strength or the energy density are particularly high." (Albert Einstein, Metaphysics of Relativity, 1950)
i) Special Relativity
Why do we always measure the velocity of light to be the same? Because
for any change in the velocity of the spherical in waves there is a corresponding
change in the wave length (which causes dimension) so that we can never
measure this change. This relates to the Lorentz transformations, which
are founded on the mathematics of a sphere / ellipsoid, and that matter
in motion is actually ellipsoidal as the spherical (ellipsoidal) standing
wave structure of matter shows.
Why is matter and energy the same thing (e=mcc)? Because waves contain energy, and form matter.
Why do moving bodies have slower rates of time? Because time is really caused by wave motions of space, and these wave motions travel more slowly where the energy density of space (more matter waves) is higher.
ii) General Relativity and Gravity
Why does light curve past the sun? As above, because waves travels more
slowly where space has a higher energy density (sum of the square of the
wave amplitudes). This explains why a ball falls to the earth, why the earth
orbits the sun. It is also easy to understand why space and time are united
(Einstein's 4D space-time continuum) because time is due to the wave motion
of space. Thus Einstein's 'curvature of the 4 dimensional space time continuum'
is really just the changing wave velocity of the spherical in waves which
changes their curvature in an ellipsoidal manner. Basically what we currently
call a 'force accelerating a particle' is really a change in wave velocity
of the spherical in waves from one direction (due to interactions with other
matter waves) that causes the in waves to meet at their wave center in a
different location in space.
Once you realise that matter is not made of discrete particles, nor is there a particle / wave duality, but that all matter is formed from waves in space, then you find simple sensible solutions to numerous problems of knowledge by understanding how matter is causally connected across the universe. (There are things relating to the mind and its ability to represent these wave interactions as colors and tastes, feelings of pleasure and pain, our moral sense of good and bad, etc. that are still problematic.)
People can study this online. For now I want to address the other three problems listed at the beginning of this essay.
We live in postmodern times where there is a strongly held view that we
cannot imagine physical reality (we are trapped in the mind so to speak).
Postmodernism claims that we can never get from the mind and our ideas of
the thing to the thing in itself (Kant's 'Ding an sich' is often quoted,
though the Ancient Greeks, Indians and Chinese clearly understood the illusion
of the senses).
Thus postmodernism says that we can only imagine things that do not exist, we cannot imagine things that do exist. As Feyerabend wrote;
"The ONLY ABSOLUTE TRUTH is that there are NO ABSOLUTE TRUTHS."
Given that postmodernism has no foundation for any claims of truth clearly
they cannot say this (which is why it is a contradiction). In fact all you
can say is that while we do not know reality then all our ideas of the external
world are 'cultural constructions'.
And this was considered by the ancient Greeks (as Bertie Russell wrote, we have added little to philosophy since then)
"Finally, if nothing can be truly asserted, even the
following claim would be false, the claim that there is no true assertion."
"If anyone thinks nothing is to be known, he does not even know whether that can be known, as he says he knows nothing." (Lucretius)
"In my opinion, the greatest scandal of philosophy is that, while all around us the world of nature perishes - and not the world of nature alone - philosophers continue to talk, sometimes cleverly and sometimes not, about the question of whether this world exists. They get involved in scholasticism, in linguistic puzzles such as, for example, whether or not there are differences between 'being' and 'existing'. ... Denying realism amounts to megalomania." (the most widespread occupational disease of the professional philosopher). (Karl Popper, 1975)
However, Popper's negative solution to the problem of induction becomes a positive solution once we know the causal connection between things;
"There could easily be a little quarrel about the question which is the deeper problem; Hume's Problem of Causation, or what I have called the Problem of Induction. One could argue that if the problem of causation were positively solved - if we could show the existence of a necessary link between cause and effect - the problem of induction would also be solved, and positively. Thus one might say, the problem of causation is the deeper problem. ... "
"If a theory corresponds to the facts but does not cohere with some earlier knowledge, then this earlier knowledge should be discarded." (Popper, 1975)
"From the first appearance of an object, we never can conjecture what effect will result from it. But were the power or energy of any cause discoverable by the mind, we could foresee the effect, even without experience; and might, at first, pronounce with certainty concerning it, by mere dint of thought and reasoning. ... Now it seems evident that, if this conclusion were formed by reason, it would be as perfect at first, and upon one instance, as after ever so long a course of experience." (David Hume, 1737)
"If I ask you why you believe any particular matter of fact, which you relate, you must tell me some reason; and this reason will be some other fact, connected with it. But as you cannot proceed after this manner, in infinitum, you must at last terminate in some fact, which is present to your memory or senses; or must allow that your belief is entirely without foundation." (David Hume, 1737)
So if postmodern philosophers wish to challenge the wave structure of matter (WSM) and argue that space and its wave motions are just imaginary things that only exist in the mind, well they only have one option, to show that WSM deduces things that contradict our senses (as they have no other foundations to argue from - there is no more simple foundation for reality - and they have no other knowledge to argue absolute truths from).
Science works fine, but only if it is founded on one thing existing which we all commonly experience, Space. On the other hand, postmodern 'science' founded on many discrete and separate particles is hopeless and leads to all sorts of conflicts and confusions. This is obvious in hindsight, because science is about necessary connection, and discrete particles can never explain this connection of matter across the universe, whereas a spherical standing wave structure of matter in space explains these connections perfectly.
I suspect that most people think philosophy is a joke and a waste of time
(this is my experience at least). Just a lot of abstract opinions. Clearly
this is a result of 3,000 years of failure to correctly understand reality
and the necessary truths that arise from this.
So here is a nice joke for you;
The First Law of Philosophy: For every philosopher, there exists an equal and opposite philosopher.
The Second Law of Philosophy: They're both wrong!
Basically postmodern philosophy resulted from a failure of science. Of
course it was possible that we could not imagine physical reality - but
it is absurd to take that view without first carefully considering the most
simple foundation for science, which is clearly a wave structure of matter
in Space. We now know that this foundation does in fact work in terms of
matter interactions in space.
I still live in hope that Hume was correct;
"And though the philosopher may live remote from business, the genius of philosophy, if carefully cultivated by several, must gradually diffuse itself throughout the whole society, and bestow a similar correctness on every art and calling." (David Hume, 1737)
And Plato states the importance of philosophy well, its relationship to reality;
"And those whose hearts are fixed on Reality itself
deserve the title of Philosophers."
"The society we have described can never grow into a reality or see the light of day, and there will be no end to the troubles of states, or indeed, my dear Glaucon, of humanity itself, till philosophers are kings in this world, or till those we now call kings and rulers really and truly become philosophers, and political power and philosophy thus come into the same hands, while the many natures now content to follow either to the exclusion of the other are forcibly debarred from doing so. This is what I have hesitated to say so long, knowing what a paradox it would sound; for it is not easy to see that there is no other road to happiness, either for society or the individual."
"When the mind's eye rests on objects illuminated by truth and reality, it understands and comprehends them, and functions intelligently; but when it turns to the twilight world of change and decay, it can only form opinions, its vision is confused and its beliefs shifting, and it seems to lack intelligence." (Plato, Republic)
However, I also realise that humans are programmed machines, programmed by an interaction between our genes and our cultural knowledge. And we are programmed to believe the customs of our time, few are able to rise above this (those who are generally isolated, as Thomas Kuhn observed).
As Galileo, Darwin and Planck wrote;
"I wish, my dear Kepler, that we could have a good
laugh together at the extraordinary stupidity of the mob. What do you think
of the foremost philosophers of this University? In spite of my oft-repeated
efforts and invitations, they have refused, with the obstinacy of a glutted
adder, to look at the planets or Moon or my telescope." (Galileo Galilei)
"Although I am fully convinced of the truth of the views given in this volume I by no means expect to convince experienced naturalists whose minds are stocked with a multitude of facts all viewed, during a long course of years, from a point of view directly opposite to mine. But I look with confidence to the future to young and rising naturalists, who will be able to view both sides of the question with impartiality." (Charles Darwin)
"A new scientific truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents and making them see the light, but rather because its opponents eventually die, and a new generation grows up that is familiar with it." (Max Planck)
My experience of humans is that they rush in to criticize new ideas, few take the time to think carefully. I hope that as philosophers you will be aware of this primitive instinct to attack ideas contrary to your own, as a way of rising above it. As Einstein realised, we are all very stupid when it comes to thinking about truth and reality - this is just a limitation of our 'animal' evolution.
And David Bohm explains why this knowledge of the underlying unity of reality is important to humanity;
"The notion that all these fragments is separately existent is evidently an illusion, and this illusion cannot do other than lead to endless conflict and confusion. Indeed, the attempt to live according to the notion that the fragments are really separate is, in essence, what has led to the growing series of extremely urgent crises that is confronting us today. Thus, as is now well known, this way of life has brought about pollution, destruction of the balance of nature, over-population, world-wide economic and political disorder and the creation of an overall environment that is neither physically nor mentally healthy for most of the people who live in it. Individually there has developed a widespread feeling of helplessness and despair, in the face of what seems to be an overwhelming mass of disparate social forces, going beyond the control and even the comprehension of the human beings who are caught up in it. (David Bohm, Wholeness and the Implicate Order, 1980)
Firstly, it has been a common error to think there is a separation between
mind, matter and space. They are one interconnected thing (which is why
my mind can move the matter of my fingers in space to type this essay).
Bertrand Russell displays this common error of thinking about mind, matter and space when he writes;
"The whole of what we perceive without inference belongs to our private world. In this respect, I agree with Berkeley. The starry heaven that we know in visual sensation is inside us. The external starry heaven that we believe is inferred." (Russell)
Once you understand the wave nature of matter in space then you can see the error of Russell's quote, as subject and object are one interconnected thing (as Schrodinger wrote above). This shows how the discrete particle conception of matter causes us such problems by creating this separation between subject and object when there is no real separation. Basically those stars are a part of you, you are a part of them (their out waves form your in waves, we are universal structures). Einstein also realised this, he writes;
"A human being is part of the whole called by us universe, a part limited in time and space. We experience ourselves, our thoughts and feelings as something separate from the rest. A kind of optical delusion of consciousness. This delusion is a kind of prison for us, restricting us to our personal desires and to affection for a few persons nearest to us. Our task must be to free ourselves from the prison by widening our circle of compassion to embrace all living creatures and the whole of nature in its beauty… The true value of a human being is determined primarily by the measure and the sense in which they have obtained liberation from the self."
I am surprised that there was not more response to the recent post on the arguments for why matter must cause mind, as evolution provides numerous reasons why this must be true. The arguments posted were;
"Damage/lesions to specific areas of the brain result
in specific mental deficits (e.g., aphasia), and the progressive destruction
of brain tissue in Alzheimer's disease leads to the progressive destruction
of a person's individuality.
Electrical stimulation and psychotropic drugs give rise to, or alter, mental states directly.
And severing the corpus collosum often appears to create two centers of consciousness evidencing conflicting intentional agencies.
These empirical facts make the proposition that consciousness depends upon a brain for its existence a far better explanation of such observations than the proposition that consciousness can exist independently of the brain."
Here is a further list of arguments / empirical facts - each one on its
own is convincing, together they are overwhelming - matter causes mind.
1. One billion years ago there where no human minds, yet for us to evolve the earth and sun (motion of matter in space, which is really the wave motion of space) must have existed. So matter / space is a priori to the evolution of humans and their minds.
2. All minds sleep. If mind is fundamental this makes no sense, if matter in space is fundamental this makes perfect sense due to the earth spinning on its axis as it orbits the sun causing days and nights (and danger of predators is greater at night).
3. Minds experience orgasm. If mind is fundamental this makes no sense, however, as sexually reproducing animals this is explained as an evolutionary adaptation to encourage reproduction.
4. Minds experience many other emotional states that only make sense in terms of evolution. e.g. Pain from injury, hunger, love and lust, fear of predators, fight or flight response, etc. All these can be understood in terms of evolution and the survival of the human animal, they make no sense if the mind is primary.
5. We can now use technology to show that certain states of mind have certain brain wave patterns. Why, because the mind is made of waves obviously.
6. When we look at the stars in a particular place in the sky we all see the same stars. Likewise when we watch sporting events, or drive our cars, we all see the same 'external' things. If mind is fundamental then there must be something (universal mind / god) to connect the many minds together, thus we are forced to assume the existence of a connecting entity that we do not experience (which is not good science). Yet strangely this 'thing' that connects our minds together only connects our external senses, our thoughts remain private. However, if mind is formed from the interconnected wave motion of space then this explains perfectly why we see the same things - because they physically exist and are all interconnected by their spherical in and out waves.
Basically, if you assume the existence of many separate things (either matter or mind) then you have to invent more things to explain how these many separate things are interconnected. However, if you describe reality most simply from only one thing, the space we all commonly experience as one thing, then you solve this problem of necessary connection (which is the whole foundation of truth, of physics, philosophy and metaphysics - the central point that David Hume makes so elegantly).
Finally, we know that science works (which is one aspect of the mind), that there is a connection between our ideas and the real world - many things you now use were built by humans based upon science (cars, computers, electric motors and lights, plastics, electrical energy from nuclear reactors, ...)
With the wave structure of matter in space we can clearly understand these two fundamental sources of knowledge that underpin science - empirical and logical knowledge.
i) Empirical knowledge (our senses of the 'external' world) occur because each 'particle' that makes up your body is formed at the wave center of a spherical standing wave. Thus the spherical in waves carry information in to you from the rest of the world (the matter in the space around you).
ii) Logical knowledge exists because waves propagating through space behave logically due to the properties of space. Thus any interconnected repeating wave motion can store knowledge. A simple example is the orbit of the earth about the sun which enables us to logically deduce where the earth will be in 100 years from now. And the wave structure of matter also explains why mathematical logic can exist (it is still just interconnected wave patterns, which we call numbers) and why mathematics is so useful to physics. Anybody who has studied music will realise this relationship between maths and music and logic - all due to interconnected wave motions of space.
I am certainly not claiming that the wave structure of matter (WSM) solves all problems of the mind. The opposite is true, as it is very hard to understand our conscious experience and emotional states of mind in terms of wave motions of space (so WSM is not a theory of everything - just a theory of physical reality, of how matter exists and moves about in space). It is possible that space has more properties, I am not sure, and as Newton wrote, 'I do not arbitrarily invent hypotheses'.
I want to make one last point, relating to Kant (since he has such a strong influence on the evolution of philosophy). He writes;
"There are two pure forms of sensible intuition, as principles of knowledge a priori, namely space and time."
And from this he concludes that because Space and Time cannot be united, they must both be merely ideas. His error can be found in the following quote where he writes;
"... even that of motion, which unites in itself both elements (Space and Time), presuppose something empirical. Motion, for example, presupposes the perception of something movable. But space considered in itself contains nothing movable; consequently motion must be something which is found in space only through experience -in other words, is an empirical datum."
And here we see his error, an error that has had profound repercussions for humanity. The error? That 'space considered in itself contains nothing movable'.
In hindsight the reason for the error is obvious. Kant (all philosophy) was heavily influenced by Newton, so they thought of motion as applying to matter 'particles', rather than to space itself as a wave motion of space. And this error then led Kant to conclude that;
"..in respect to the form of appearances, much may be said a priori, whilst of the thing in itself, which may lie at the foundation of these appearances, it is impossible to say anything."
In fact we can easily imagine space existing as a wave medium, matter being formed from spherical wave motions of space. So we see how one little error led to many big errors for humanity that are now threatening our very survival.
In ending this marathon essay, three final points;
i) If people wish to criticize this essay, please first show (using rules of science) that the space we all commonly experience does not physically exist, that all matter interactions are not wave interactions in this space. I am confident that you will find this is impossible.
ii) As I live outside the academic system I hope that some of you will help to get this knowledge published in academic journals, as a way of getting it into Wikipedia so that the general public can become aware of this. (Whether you like Wikipedia or not, it is a fact that Wikipedia is a dominant source of knowledge, so it is important that the knowledge there is true!)
iii) I believe that all philosophers and scientists should at least be aware of this knowledge so they can judge it on its merits. Could you please forward this to relevant mailing lists. Thanks.
A very brief bio. I am a natural philosopher (as all philosophers were before academic specialization). I live in Nature, on 650 acres of bush along the SW coast of Australia (which is stunningly beautiful). I am 48 but retired from work at the age of 30 (ex science teacher / inventor of Q-zar space games). This has allowed me the the time to read and think a lot (and write a little) on philosophy, physics, metaphysics, theology, evolution, ecology, education.
I am a practical philosopher, I like to build machines, understand how things work. I think Nature is fantastic, obviously central to our survival given we evolved from Nature, that Nature has created much of our habitable environment (e.g. the plants and animals we consume, the oxygen in the air we breath, thus the ozone in the atmosphere that protects us from UV light).
However, 15 years ago the the painful realization of how badly we were damaging Nature, how much we depend upon it for our future survival, motivated me to study as a way of understanding what Nature really is as a way of protecting it. I think that modern humanity has lost touch with their connection to and dependence upon Nature (city dwelling, cars and TV are big factors in an obviously very complex phenomena).
Basically my view is that humanity is heading for disaster, and we need a new foundation for thinking and acting if humanity is to survive (as Einstein realised).
Thomas Hobbes is correct, "Hell is truth seen to late" and we are creating hell on earth.
The solution is to know the truth about physical reality, thus nature, as the correct foundation for how we should think and act as the dominant 'animals' on earth (though we are really complexly evolved wave structures of the universe).
The spaceandmotion website is my attempt to get this knowledge visible to the world. It is listed by Alexa as one of the top philosophy websites on the internet and we now rank around 15 if you search 'philosophy' in Google.
And I must give thanks to my partner Karene, both for her many years work writing up philosophy quotes, and for building a beautiful philosophy shop that helps provide us with money for food and shelter!
'The Gift of Truth Excels all Other Gifts.' (Buddha)
One of the top ten shops at Cafepress for the past two years (out of 3 million shops!).
A brilliant collection of portraits and quotes from 500 of the greatest minds in human history.
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Truth & Reality
The Spherical Standing Wave Structure of Matter (WSM) in Space
Theory of Reality
Unity of Reality
Logic & Reality
Special & General
of Light & Matter
& Infinite Space
Truth & Reality
Truth & Reality