Physics - Astronomy - Astrophysics

Physics Astronomy Astrophysics

The Wave Structure of Matter (WSM) in Absolute Space Explains
How we can See the Stars

The supreme task of the physicist is to arrive at those universal elementary laws from which
the cosmos can be built up by pure deduction. (Albert Einstein, 1954)

Any two particles in the universe attract each other through the gravitational interaction. ... It can no longer be maintained that the properties of any one thing in the universe are independent of the existence or non-existence of everything else. It is, at last, no longer sensible to speak of a universe with only one thing in it. (Lee Smolin, 1997)

The sage as astronomer. As long as you still feel the stars as being something 'over you' you still lack the eye of the man of knowledge.
What gave these men the right to be considered philosophers, unlike the other astronomers, geographers and doctors who were active especially in the latter half of the period, was their common assumption that the world possessed some kind of integral unity and determinability which could be understood and explained in rational terms. A more important debt to myth appears in the central presupposition that the world is coherent and intelligible, is somehow a unity in spite of the diversity of its appearance. (Friedrich Nietzsche, 1890)


Introduction - Astrophysics: Structure of Universe - Mach's Principle - Galileo Astronomy Telescope - Astronomy Links - Top of Page

Introduction

When we stand outside at night and gaze upon the beauty of the Stars, we should also reflect on the profound importance of this observation. It is telling us that somehow matter throughout the universe is interconnected (by both Light and Gravity).
As Leibniz profoundly says;

Reality cannot be found except in One single source, because of the interconnection of all things with one another. (Leibniz, 1670)

Thus as matter interacts with all other matter in the universe, to ask 'What is matter?' is no different than asking, 'What is the universe?', or more completely 'What exists, what is Reality?'

Until recently this was a great puzzle for modern Physics (Physics being founded on the motion of matter 'particles' in Space and Time) as there was no way to explain how each of these matter 'particles' could interact with all the other matter in the universe.
This problem of how we can see the stars (with our eyes and telescopes) is solved once we realise that matter is not made of tiny 'particles', but rather, is formed from Spherical Standing Waves which determine the size of our finite spherical Universe within an infinite Space. This unites matter and the universe as being one and the same thing, and thus explains how matter interacts with all other matter in the universe.

Certainly Einstein knew that matter was not a particle, his only error was to work with spherical Electromagnetic force fields (mathematical waves of force) rather than real Spherical Standing Waves in physical Space (which cause the continuous approximations of his Electromagnetic Force Fields).

According to general relativity, the concept of space detached from any physical content (matter, objects) does not exist. The physical reality of space is represented by a field whose components are continuous functions of four independent variables - the co-ordinates of space and time. Since the theory of general relativity implies the representation of physical reality by a continuous field, the concept of particles or material points cannot play a fundamental part, nor can the concept of motion. The particle can only appear as a limited region in space in which the field strength or the energy density are particularly high. (Albert Einstein, 1954)

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Introduction - Astrophysics: Structure of Universe - Mach's Principle - Galileo Astronomy Telescope - Astronomy Links - Top of Page

Astrophysics and the Structure of the Universe

(Albert Einstein, 1928, Leiden) According to the general theory of relativity space without ether is unthinkable; for in such space there not only would be no propagation of light, but also no possibility of existence for standards of space and time. A human being is part of the whole called by us universe, a part limited in time and space. We experience ourselves, our thoughts and feelings as something separate from the rest. A kind of optical delusion of consciousness. This delusion is a kind of prison for us, restricting us to our personal desires and to affection for a few persons nearest to us. Our task must be to free ourselves from the prison by widening our circle of compassion to embrace all living creatures and the whole of nature in its beauty. The true value of a human being is determined by the measure and the sense in which they have obtained liberation from the self. We shall require a substantially new manner of thinking if humanity is to survive. (Albert Einstein, 1954)

Frijof Capra - Eastern Philosophy / Religion / Yoga -  The idea of the individual being linked to the cosmos is expressed in the Latin root of the word religion, religare (to bind strongly), as well as the Sanskrit yoga, which means union.A careful analysis of the process of observation in atomic physics has shown that the subatomic particles have no meaning as isolated entities, but can only be understood as interconnections between the preparation of an experiment and the subsequent measurement. Quantum theory thus reveals a basic oneness of the universe. The mathematical framework of quantum theory has passed countless successful tests and is now universally accepted as a consistent and accurate description of all atomic phenomena. The verbal interpretation, on the other hand, i.e. the metaphysics of quantum theory, is on far less solid ground. In fact, in more than forty years physicists have not been able to provide a clear metaphysical model. (Fritjof Capra, 1975)


Introduction - Astrophysics: Structure of Universe - Mach's Principle - Galileo Astronomy Telescope - Astronomy Links - Top of Page

Ernst Mach - Mach's Principle

Science Fair Projects Experiments - Ernst Mach - Spinning a Mass to deduce Mach's Principle from Newtwon's Law of Inertia F=Ma Mach (1883) stated that Newton's law of Inertia F=m.a, was established by all the matter of the universe. At that time the unknown origin of Newton's inertia law attracted frequent attention. Mach saw the connection between inertia and distant matter in the universe from considerations on the following experiment, which produces two fundamentally different ways of measuring a body's rotation in Space: First, without looking at the sky, one can measure the centripetal (inertial) force on a rotating mass m using Newton's law in the form F=ma=mv2/r to find circumferential speed v.

The second way is to compare an object's angular position and circumferential speed v relative to the distant fixed stars. Remarkably, both methods give exactly the same result and this was a great mystery at the time. Mach realized that the inertia law required a means to link the inertial behaviour of each body with all other matter (the stars) of our universe.

The obvious problem of the particle conception of matter is to explain how all the distant matter of the universe could instantaneously act upon a moving body here on earth. This paradox is resolved by the Wave Structure of Matter (WSM) which shows that all distant matter establishes its presence throughout the universe by their In-waves and Out-waves which produce a nearly uniform mass-energy density of space throughout Space. Thus the 'presence' of distant matter from our universe already exists at each point in our Space. Nothing is instantaneous and the waves only travel at speed c.
Further, the Equation of the Cosmos confirms that the mass of an object is determined by all the other matter in the universe (as it is their Out-waves that form our In-waves, and thus our mass-energy density of space and Mass) as required by Mach's Principle.
Thus the universe is finite (within an infinite Space), spherical and Machian, as required by Einstein's general relativity;

I must not fail to mention that a theoretical argument can be adduced in favor of the hypothesis of a finite universe. The general theory of relativity teaches that the inertial mass of a given body is greater as there are more ponderable masses in proximity to it; thus it seems very natural to reduce the total inertia of a body to interactions between it and the other bodies in the universe, as indeed, ever since Newton's time, gravity has been completely reduced to interaction between bodies. The results of calculation indicate that the universe would necessarily be spherical. (Albert Einstein, 1954)

By Uniting Matter and Space, the Wave Structure of Matter effectively unites Isaac Newton's Absolute Space with Gottfried Leibniz, Ernst Mach and Albert Einstein's Relative Motion of Matter to all other Matter.


Introduction - Astrophysics: Structure of Universe - Mach's Principle - Galileo Astronomy Telescope - Astronomy Links - Top of Page

Galileo Astronomy - Looking through the Telescope

Galileo is famous for inventing a telescope that enabled him to see the moons of Jupiter. From observing them over successive days / weeks he could see that they were moving about the planet. This confirmed his ideas that the Earth was also orbiting about the Sun.

The point I wish to make here is that the high priests of the time, who controlled (censored) knowledge refused to look in the telescope. This same censorship now applies to any idea contrary to the dogma of particles and forces, of Big Bangs and Black Holes. The Wave Structure of Matter is like the moons of Jupiter, it's truth is clear if they would only take the time to look.

I wish, my dear Kepler, that we could have a good laugh together at the extraordinary stupidity of the mob. What do you think of the foremost philosophers of this University? In spite of my oft-repeated efforts and invitations, they have refused, with the obstinacy of a glutted adder, to look at the planets or Moon or my telescope. (Galileo Galilei)


Introduction - Astrophysics: Structure of Universe - Mach's Principle - Galileo Astronomy Telescope - Astronomy Links - Top of Page

Astronomy / Astrophysics Links

Department of Astronomy & Astrophysics - Experiments, Research and Information

You will have to search Google for more (sorry) - and be skeptical of the 'Big Bang Theory' - it is presented as fact when it is highly specualtive and counter intuitive. There is a much simpler explantion founded on infinite space.





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Albert Einstein"When forced to summarize the general theory of relativity in one sentence: Time and space and gravitation have no separate existence from matter. ... Physical objects are not in space, but these objects are spatially extended. In this way the concept 'empty space' loses its meaning. ... The particle can only appear as a limited region in space in which the field strength or the energy density are particularly high. ...
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Biography: Geoffrey Haselhurst, Philosopher of Science, Theoretical Physics, Metaphysics, Evolution. Our world is in great trouble due to human behaviour founded on myths and customs that are causing the destruction of Nature and climate change. We can now deduce the most simple science theory of reality - the wave structure of matter in space. By understanding how we and everything around us are interconnected in Space we can then deduce solutions to the fundamental problems of human knowledge in physics, philosophy, metaphysics, theology, education, health, evolution and ecology, politics and society.

This is the profound new way of thinking that Einstein realised, that we exist as spatially extended structures of the universe - the discrete and separate body an illusion. This simply confirms the intuitions of the ancient philosophers and mystics.

Given the current censorship in physics / philosophy of science journals (based on the standard model of particle physics / big bang cosmology) the internet is the best hope for getting new knowledge known to the world. But that depends on you, the people who care about science and society, realise the importance of truth and reality.

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