Site Introduction (2012): This website is primarily on the subjects of truth and reality. We get about 600,000 page views each week and are one of the top philosophy / physics sites on the Internet. The central thesis is best stated in three parts;
i) We must know the truth to act wisely, and truth comes from physical reality.
ii) Our present and past societies are not founded on truth and act unwisely (overpopulation, destruction of nature, pollution, climate change, religious and economic wars, etc.).
iii) We now know the correct language for describing physical reality (all matter interactions are wave interactions in space), and this knowledge is critical for our future survival, being the source of truth & wisdom.

So how do we prove that this is true? Everyone will agree that true knowledge of reality must explain and solve the fundamental problems of knowledge in physics, philosophy and metaphysics. This website does exactly that. The above subject pages provide short summaries / simple solutions to these central problems of knowledge. To begin it is useful to read the Introduction & Summary to this Physics Philosophy Metaphysics Website.

Short Summary of Quantum Physics
These Quantum Physics pages (on either side) show how this new understanding of physical reality (that all light and matter interactions are wave interactions in Space) explains and solves the central problems of Quantum Theory.

The mistake was to work from Newton's foundation of particles and instantly acting gravity forces in space and time (many things) and then have to add more things to explain light and electricity, i.e. charged particles, continuous electromagnetic fields and waves (Faraday, Maxwell, Lorentz, Einstein's Special Relativity).
Thus by 1900 the central concepts of Physics were;
Matter as discrete particles with both gravitational mass and electrical charge properties (mass-charge duality).
Light as continuous electromagnetic waves (velocity of light c).
Continuous electromagnetic fields
created by discrete charged particles (discrete particle-continuous field duality).
Local charge interactions limited by the velocity of electromagnetic waves (velocity of light c).

Over the next 30 years Quantum Theory destroyed these foundations by showing the exact opposite, that;
Matter has wave properties thus a particle-wave duality (de Broglie Waves, Schrodinger's wave equations).
Light has discrete particle properties thus a particle-wave duality (Light 'quanta', Max Planck, Albert Einstein)
Continuous deterministic fields are replaced by discrete statistical fields e.g. Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle, Niels Bohr's Copenhagen Interpretation, Born's probability waves to predict the location of the particle.
Non-Local matter interactions (instant action-at-distance EPR Bell Aspect)

The solution to this confusion and contradiction is simple once known. Describe reality from One thing existing, Space (that we all commonly experience) and its Properties. i.e. Rather than adding matter particles to space as Newton did, we consider Space with properties of a continuous wave medium for a pure Wave Structure of Matter. This is the Most Simple Science Theory of Physical Reality (despite many claims to the contrary, science does actually work, we just needed the correct foundation of continuous Space rather than discrete matter).
Most importantly, this Dynamic Unity of Reality provides simple solutions to all the 'strangeness' of quantum physics that has resulted from this discrete / disconnected 'particle' conception of matter.
i.e.
Matter is a Wave Structure of Space - the Spherical Wave Center creates the 'particle' effect.
Light is a Wave Phenomena - however, spherical standing waves (matter) act as spherical resonators and only interact (resonantly couple) at discrete frequencies / energies which gives the effect of discrete light 'quanta'.
Reality is both Continuous (Space) and Discrete (Standing Wave Interactions).
Reality is both Local and Non-Local - matter is causally inter-connected in Space by its Spherical In and Out Waves (traveling at velocity c, i.e. Einstein's Locality). However (and very importantly), with relative motion these matter wave interactions form de Broglie phase waves that travel at high velocities (c2/v), explaining EPR and apparent Non-Locality / Instant-Action-at-a-Distance.
Reality is Causally Connected but Non-Deterministic / Statistical. The waves in quantum theory are real waves (not abstract 'probability waves') but lack of knowledge of the interconnected whole (infinite Space) causes statistical behaviour of matter (as Einstein believed).

I realise this is a pretty abrupt / radical introduction to a new way of seeing things - that it will take some time to adjust. But the Wave Structure of Matter is simple sensible and obvious once known. Each Quantum Physics page has a short summary and important quotes, so it is easy to click around and confirm things for yourself. Enjoy! Think!
Geoff Haselhurst - Email - Nice Letters. - Share this Knowledge

In a time of universal deceit - telling the truth is a revolutionary act. (George Orwell)
You must be the change you wish to see in the world. (Mohandas Gandhi)
All that is necessary for evil to succeed is for good men to do nothing. (Edmund Burke)
Hell is Truth Seen Too Late. (Thomas Hobbes)

Quantum Mechanics: John Stewart Bell
The Wave Structure of Matter (WSM) explains Bell's Inequality & 'apparent' Non-Locality of EPR. From 'particle' to wave center of Spherical Standing Wave confirms hidden variables of Quantum Mechanics.



Intro: John Stewart Bell - Bell's Inequality / Nonlocality of Quantum Mechanics - EPR Paradox - John Stewart Bell Biography - Top of Page

Introduction

Quantum Physics: John Stewart Bell: Bell's Theorem: EPR ParadoxIt has been argued that quantum mechanics is not locally causal and cannot be embedded in a locally causal theory. That conclusion depends on treating certain experimental parameters, typically the orientations of polarization filters, as free variables. But it might be that this apparent freedom is illusory. Perhaps experimental parameters and experimental results are both consequences, or partially so, of some common hidden mechanism. Then the apparent non-locality could be simulated. (John Bell, 'Free Variables and Local Causality', 'Epistemological Letters', 15, 1977)

The discomfort that I feel is associated with the fact that the observed perfect quantum correlations seem to demand something like the 'genetic' hypothesis. For me, it is so reasonable to assume that the photons in those experiments carry with them programs, which have been correlated in advance, telling them how to behave. This is so rational that I think that when Einstein saw that, and the others refused to see it, he was the rational man. The other people, although history has justified them, were burying their heads in the sand. I feel that Einstein's intellectual superiority over Bohr, in this instance, was enormous; a vast gulf between the man who saw clearly what was needed, and the obscurantist. So for me, it is a pity that Einstein's idea doesn't work. The reasonable thing just doesn't work. (John Stewart Bell (1928-1990), author of 'Bell's Theorem' / 'Bell's Inequality', quoted in Quantum Profiles, by Jeremy Bernstein [Princeton University Press, 1991, p. 84] From Kelly Ross, http://www.friesian.com/space-2.htm)

That the guiding wave, in the general case, propagates not in ordinary three-space but in a multi-dimensional configuration space is the origin of the notorious "non-locality" of quantum mechanics. It is a merit of the de Broglie- Bohm version to bring this out so explicitly that it cannot be ignored. (John Stewart Bell)

 

Under construction - To be completed by late 2009


Intro: John Stewart Bell - Bell's Inequality / Nonlocality of Quantum Mechanics - EPR Paradox - John Stewart Bell Biography - Top of Page

Quantum Physics: Bell's Inequality / Nonlocality of Quantum Mechanics

Under construction - To be completed by late 2009

 

 


Intro: John Stewart Bell - Bell's Inequality / Nonlocality of Quantum Mechanics - EPR Paradox - John Stewart Bell Biography - Top of Page

Quantum Physics: EPR Paradox

Under construction - To be completed by late 2009

 

 


Intro: John Stewart Bell - Bell's Inequality / Nonlocality of Quantum Mechanics - EPR Paradox - John Stewart Bell Biography - Top of Page

John Stewart Bell Biography: Life & Ideas
Quantum Physics: John Stewart Bell Biography

John Stewart Bell (June 28, 1928 - October 1, 1990) was a physicist who became well known as the originator of Bell's Theorem, regarded by some in the quantum physics community as one of the most important theorems of the 20th century.

John Stewart Bell was born in Belfast, Northern Ireland, and graduated in experimental physics at Queen's University, Belfast, in 1948. He went on to do a PhD in Birmingham, specialising in nuclear physics and quantum field theory. His working career started with the British Atomic Energy Agency, in Malvern, Britain, then Harwell. After several years he moved to the European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN). Here he worked almost exclusively on theoretical particle physics and on accelerator design, but found time to persue a major "hobby", investigating the fundamentals of quantum theory.

In 1964, after a year's leave from CERN that he spent at Stanford, the University of Wisconsin and Brandeis University, he derived his famous inequality. This must be satisfied by any local hidden variable theory but can be violated under quantum mechanics. He had first shown that von Neumann’s proof against deterministic quantum mechanics lacked rigor and that Bohm’s work got around von Neumann’s objections through the use of superluminal signalling. (Interestingly, the flaw in von Neumann's proof was previously discovered by Grete Hermann in 1935, but did not become common knowledge until rediscovered by Bell.)

In 1972 the first of many experiments that have shown a violation of Bell's Inequality was conducted. The fate of local hidden variable theories is currently generally regarded as sealed. Bell's Theorem has come to be regarded a proof that the underlying theory of the universe must be a quantum-mechanical one, although Bell's original goal was just the opposite.

Bell became a supporter of the Bohm interpretation, a nonlocal hidden variable theory involving superluminal signaling, calling its suppression a "scandal" within physics, and took to defending his work against those whom he perceived as distorting its meaning to favor indeterministic quantum mechanics such as the Copenhagen and Everett "many-worlds" interpretations.

The outcomes of the experiments, showing as they did a violation of his inequalities, did not make John Bell particularly happy: he had hoped that they would always be satisfied in Nature, and that experiments would eventually falsify quantum mechanics. Despite the observed violations, he kept some belief that future experiments would change the situation. Nevertheless he was ready to accept the validity of the orthodox quantum mechanics. Referring to the Bell test experiments, a remark of his is frequently quoted:

"It is difficult for me to believe that quantum mechanics, working very well for currently practical set-ups, will nevertheless fail badly with improvements in counter efficiency ..." (Ref 1, page 109)
Some people continue to believe that the probabilistic quantum mechanics must be incorrect. They argue that future, much more precise, experiments could reveal that one of the known loopholes, for example the so-called "fair sampling loophole", had been biasing the interpretations. This latter loophole, first publicised by Philip Pearle in 1970 (ref below), is such that increases in counter efficiency decrease the measured quantum correlation, eventually destroying the empirical match with quantum mechanics. Most mainstream physicists are highly skeptical about all these "loopholes", admitting their existence but continuing to believe that quantum mechanics is correct. It is claimed, after all, never to have failed any other test.

Bell died unexpectedly of a cerebral haemorrhage in Belfast in 1990. Believers in local realism and quantum theory alike continue to search for ways of making sense of the apparent failure of local realism in the Bell test experiments.

References:

Bell, John S, The Speakable and Unspeakable in Quantum Mechanics, Cambridge University Press 1987
Pearle, P, Hidden-Variable Example Based upon Data Rejection, Physical Review D, 2, 1418-25 (1970)
Aczel, Amir D, Entanglement: The greatest mystery in physics, Four Walls Eight Windows, New York, 2001

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Stewart_Bell


Quantum Physics
The Wave Structure of Matter (WSM) and Spherical Standing Wave Interactions explains Discrete Energy States of Quantum Physics (Quantum Theory / Quantum Wave Mechanics).
A Simple Solution to the Particle / Wave Duality of Light and Matter & Quantum Entanglement

'Planck's discovery of light 'quanta' has set science a fresh task: that of finding a new conceptual basis for all physics. The problem is still far from a satisfactory solution. (Albert Einstein on Max Planck / Quantum Theory)
Max Planck
Quantum Physics
Discrete Light Quanta
'All these fifty years of conscious brooding have brought me no nearer to the answer to the question, What are light quanta? Nowadays everyone thinks they know it, but they are mistaken.' (Albert Einstein on Quantum Theory)
Albert Einstein 'Photon'
Quantum Theory
Photoelectric Effect
'Those who are not shocked when they first come across quantum physics cannot possibly have understood it.' (Niels Bohr on Quantum Physics)
Niels Bohr Quantum
Physics Copenhagen Interpretation
'This suggested that electrons too could not be considered simply as particles, but that frequency (wave properties) must be assigned to them also.' (Louis de Broglie on Quantum Theory & discrete 'orbital' states of electrons)
Louis de Broglie
Physics Matter Waves
Particle Wave Duality
'I don't like it, and I'm sorry I ever had anything to do with it.' (Erwin Schrodinger on Born's Probability Wave Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics)
Erwin Schrodinger
Quantum Physics
Wave Equations
'I personally like to regard a probability wave as a real thing, certainly as more than a tool for mathematical calculations. ... how could we rely on probability predictions if we do not refer to something real and objective?' (Max Born on Quantum Theory)
Max Born
Quantum Physics
Probability Waves
'Light and matter are both single entities, and the apparent duality arises in the limitations of our language'. (Werner Heisenberg on Quantum Theory)
Werner Heisenberg
Quantum Mechanics
Uncertainty Principle
'One can always hope that there will be future developments which will lead to a drastically different theory from the present quantum theory and for which there may be a partial return of determinism.' (Paul Dirac on Quantum Theory)
Paul Dirac
Quantum Physics
Dirac Equation
'I think it is safe to say that no one understands quantum mechanics'. (Richard Feynman on Quantum Mechanics)
Richard Feynman
Quantum Physics
Electrodynamics QED
'Perhaps experimental parameters and experimental results are both consequences of some common hidden mechanism. Then the apparent non-locality could be simulated.' (John Bell on Quantum Physics)
John Bell's Inequality
Quantum Mechanics
EPR Paradox
'The notion that all these 'particles' are separately existent is evidently an illusion, and this illusion cannot do other than lead to endless conflict and confusion.' (David Bohm on Quantum Physics / Bohmian Mechanics)
David Bohm
Quantum Physics
Bohmian Mechanics
'The proposals of Clifford and Schrodinger are correct, an electron is a continuous wave structure of Space, not a discrete particle. The Schrodinger wave functions are not probabilities, they must be interpreted as matter itself.' (Milo Wolff on Quantum Mechanics)
Milo Wolff
Quantum Mechanics
Wave Structure Matter


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Albert Einstein"When forced to summarize the general theory of relativity in one sentence: Time and space and gravitation have no separate existence from matter. ... Physical objects are not in space, but these objects are spatially extended. In this way the concept 'empty space' loses its meaning. ... The particle can only appear as a limited region in space in which the field strength or the energy density are particularly high. ...
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Biography: Geoffrey Haselhurst, Philosopher of Science, Theoretical Physics, Metaphysics, Evolution. Our world is in great trouble due to human behaviour founded on myths and customs that are causing the destruction of Nature and climate change. We can now deduce the most simple science theory of reality - the wave structure of matter in space. By understanding how we and everything around us are interconnected in Space we can then deduce solutions to the fundamental problems of human knowledge in physics, philosophy, metaphysics, theology, education, health, evolution and ecology, politics and society.

This is the profound new way of thinking that Einstein realised, that we exist as spatially extended structures of the universe - the discrete and separate body an illusion. This simply confirms the intuitions of the ancient philosophers and mystics.

Given the current censorship in physics / philosophy of science journals (based on the standard model of particle physics / big bang cosmology) the internet is the best hope for getting new knowledge known to the world. But that depends on you, the people who care about science and society, realise the importance of truth and reality.

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