Site Introduction (2012): This website is primarily on the subjects of truth and reality. We get about 600,000 page views each week and are one of the top philosophy / physics sites on the Internet. The central thesis is best stated in three parts;
i) We must know the truth to act wisely, and truth comes from physical reality.
ii) Our present and past societies are not founded on truth and act unwisely (overpopulation, destruction of nature, pollution, climate change, religious and economic wars, etc.).
iii) We now know the correct language for describing physical reality (all matter interactions are wave interactions in space), and this knowledge is critical for our future survival, being the source of truth & wisdom.

So how do we prove that this is true? Everyone will agree that true knowledge of reality must explain and solve the fundamental problems of knowledge in physics, philosophy and metaphysics. This website does exactly that. The above subject pages provide short summaries / simple solutions to these central problems of knowledge. To begin it is useful to read the Introduction & Summary to this Physics Philosophy Metaphysics Website.

Short Summary of Quantum Physics
These Quantum Physics pages (on either side) show how this new understanding of physical reality (that all light and matter interactions are wave interactions in Space) explains and solves the central problems of Quantum Theory.

The mistake was to work from Newton's foundation of particles and instantly acting gravity forces in space and time (many things) and then have to add more things to explain light and electricity, i.e. charged particles, continuous electromagnetic fields and waves (Faraday, Maxwell, Lorentz, Einstein's Special Relativity).
Thus by 1900 the central concepts of Physics were;
Matter as discrete particles with both gravitational mass and electrical charge properties (mass-charge duality).
Light as continuous electromagnetic waves (velocity of light c).
Continuous electromagnetic fields
created by discrete charged particles (discrete particle-continuous field duality).
Local charge interactions limited by the velocity of electromagnetic waves (velocity of light c).

Over the next 30 years Quantum Theory destroyed these foundations by showing the exact opposite, that;
Matter has wave properties thus a particle-wave duality (de Broglie Waves, Schrodinger's wave equations).
Light has discrete particle properties thus a particle-wave duality (Light 'quanta', Max Planck, Albert Einstein)
Continuous deterministic fields are replaced by discrete statistical fields e.g. Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle, Niels Bohr's Copenhagen Interpretation, Born's probability waves to predict the location of the particle.
Non-Local matter interactions (instant action-at-distance EPR Bell Aspect)

The solution to this confusion and contradiction is simple once known. Describe reality from One thing existing, Space (that we all commonly experience) and its Properties. i.e. Rather than adding matter particles to space as Newton did, we consider Space with properties of a continuous wave medium for a pure Wave Structure of Matter. This is the Most Simple Science Theory of Physical Reality (despite many claims to the contrary, science does actually work, we just needed the correct foundation of continuous Space rather than discrete matter).
Most importantly, this Dynamic Unity of Reality provides simple solutions to all the 'strangeness' of quantum physics that has resulted from this discrete / disconnected 'particle' conception of matter.
i.e.
Matter is a Wave Structure of Space - the Spherical Wave Center creates the 'particle' effect.
Light is a Wave Phenomena - however, spherical standing waves (matter) act as spherical resonators and only interact (resonantly couple) at discrete frequencies / energies which gives the effect of discrete light 'quanta'.
Reality is both Continuous (Space) and Discrete (Standing Wave Interactions).
Reality is both Local and Non-Local - matter is causally inter-connected in Space by its Spherical In and Out Waves (traveling at velocity c, i.e. Einstein's Locality). However (and very importantly), with relative motion these matter wave interactions form de Broglie phase waves that travel at high velocities (c2/v), explaining EPR and apparent Non-Locality / Instant-Action-at-a-Distance.
Reality is Causally Connected but Non-Deterministic / Statistical. The waves in quantum theory are real waves (not abstract 'probability waves') but lack of knowledge of the interconnected whole (infinite Space) causes statistical behaviour of matter (as Einstein believed).

I realise this is a pretty abrupt / radical introduction to a new way of seeing things - that it will take some time to adjust. But the Wave Structure of Matter is simple sensible and obvious once known. Each Quantum Physics page has a short summary and important quotes, so it is easy to click around and confirm things for yourself. Enjoy! Think!
Geoff Haselhurst - Email - Nice Letters. - Share this Knowledge

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You must be the change you wish to see in the world. (Mohandas Gandhi)
All that is necessary for evil to succeed is for good men to do nothing. (Edmund Burke)
Hell is Truth Seen Too Late. (Thomas Hobbes)

Werner Heisenberg: Uncertainty Principle
Explaining Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle with the Wave Structure of Matter

The world thus appears as a complicated tissue of events, in which connections of different kinds alternate or overlap or combine and thereby determine the texture of the whole. (Heisenberg, Physics and Philosophy, 1963)


Explaining Werner Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle with the Wave Structure of Matter

I have added below three short deductions / explanations of Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle from Wave theorists, Mike Harney, Milo Wolff, and Chris Hawkings. The significant point of this is that by removing the 'particle' conception of matter and replacing this with the Wave Structure of Matter we can deduce the Uncertainty Principle due to the spatially extended wave nature of matter. The confusion and paradox of Quantum Theory results from the incorrect discrete 'particle' conception of matter. As Hawking writes;

But maybe that is our mistake: maybe there are no particle positions and velocities, but only waves. It is just that we try to fit the waves to our preconceived ideas of positions and velocities. The resulting mismatch is the cause of the apparent unpredictability. (Hawking, 1988)

Geoff Haselhurst


Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle Derived From Standing Matter Wave Theory

by Michael Harney, June 10, 2005

The following is a derivation of Heisenberg's uncertainty principle based on the discrete nature of standing matter-waves. It will be shown that the uncertainty principle is simply due the quantization of matter based on the discrete nature of standing waves which can only have frequencies that are integer multiples of a fundamental harmonic frequency. This discrete nature leads to a lack of the existence of matter in the domain where n is not an integer because there are no standing waves present when n is fractional, and this has been misinterpreted as uncertainty in measurement.

First we assume standing matter waves which start with fundamental wavelength R equal to the Compton wavelength of the electron, R = 2.4 x 10-12 meters. Then all other standing waves have wavelengths as follows:

l = R/n , (1)

where n is the quantum number governing the number of nodes in the standing wave. Also, the energy in the standing wave is found from the solution to Schrodinger's equation for a two-dimensional wave trapped in an infinite-potential well:

E = [(nx)2 + (ny)2 ]p2h2/(8mR2), (2)

Where E is the energy in the wave, nx and ny are the quantum numbers governing the nodes in the two-dimensional wave, and m is the mass of the 'particle' or wave center represented by the fundamental wavelength (when nx and ny are equal to 1). The mass m for the fundamental wavelength can be found by setting the quantized energy of the fundamental wavelength (using equation 2, setting n = 1) equal to the rest-energy of the 'particle' or wave-center that is represented by this fundamental wavelength:

2p2h2/(8mR2) = mc2 (3a)

Solving, we find m = 7.2 x 10-31 Kg, which is very close to the measured electron mass of 9.11 x 10-31 Kg.

If we now picture the standing wave of particular quantum numbers nx and ny we assign neff as the square root of the sum of the squares of the nx and ny so that neff represents the effective quantum number, or a composite of nx and ny. Then we know that when the standing wave changes its quantum numbers nx and ny by 1, it will effectively change neff by one and this is described as D neff, the change in effective quantum number either up or down by 1. Then equation 2 above produces an incremental change in energy, D E, for an incremental change in neff (which is D neff) results in the following:

D E = (D neff)2 p2h2/(8mR2), (3)

Time is what we perceive from the flow of matter, and therefore from the change in matter waves. As matter waves change incrementally in neff (D neff), not only does their energy change, but so does their wavelength from the formula:

l = R/n

The change in l with respect to n, which we denote as D l is found by differentiating the l formula (1) above with respect to neff to produce:

D l = 2 R/(D neff)2 , (4)

As l varies (D l) we find that the perception of time also varies based on

D t = D l /c , (5)

where c is the speed of light and the speed at which the matter wave propagates through the space-fabric. Now, based on an incremental change in effective quantum number (D neff) which produces an incremental change in energy (D E) and an incremental change in wavelength (D l) which also produces an incremental time shift (D t), we ask the question, what is the minimum product of change in energy (D E) and perceived change in time (or time shift of matter wave, D t)? It is known as (D E)(D t) which will be recognized as Heisenberg's uncertainty relationship. When we substitute the formulas (3), (4), and (5) above in for (D E)(D t) we get:

(D E)(D t) = [(D neff)2 p2h2/(8mR2)][ 2 R / (c(D neff)2)]

which reduces to

(D E)(D t) = p2h2/[4mRc]

where h = Planck's constant, m = 7.2 x 10-31 Kg, R = 2.4 x 10-12 meters, and c = 3 x 108 meters/sec. This then evaluates to,

(D E)(D t) = p2h2/[4mRc] = 2.1 x 10-33 J-sec = approx. h

which is three-times the measured value of Planck's constant (less than order of magnitude).

This shows that an increase in energy which is due to an increasing n (equation 2, which also shows an increase in mass, equation 3a), causes a decrease in D t (eqs. 4 and 5 combined), which makes (D E)D t constant. Therefore, Heisenberg's uncertainty principle is derived from assuming a standing wave formula for all masses (with n = 1 corresponding to l = R = electron matter-wavelength) and applying Schrodinger's equation to calculate the energies in the standing waves.

Heisenberg's uncertainty principle is not a probability function as previously interpreted, but a limit on how much energy and perceived time shift is changed when quantum number n is changed incrementally. It is incorrect to say that we cannot measure energy and time within certain limits (or momentum and distance within certain limits). It is more accurate to say that the standing wave function does not exist in between incremental changes of quantum numbers, and that there is no wave function valid for fractional quantum numbers. For example, going from n = 300 to n = 301 is a valid change in the energy and time displacement of the standing wave function, but there is no measurement possible for n = 300.5 because the standing wave function is not valid in this respect. Therefore, measurement of the function does not and cannot occur. But there would be nothing to measure if we could go to this level - there is no way for the standing matter wave to exist at n = 300.5. Heisenberg's uncertainty principle is merely a limit on the nature of standing waves based on integer quantum numbers. We perceive this to be the limits of what we can measure, but it is only what can really exist.


The Uncertainty Principle
You can't have it both ways!

(Milo Wolff, Exploring the Physics of the Unknown Universe, 1994)

Early in the history of Quantum Mechanics, Werner Heisenberg proposed a principle which states limitations on the accuracy of physical measurements. He stated that Nature imposes a minimum value, Plank's constant h, for the product of the errors when measuring position, Dx, and momentum, Dp, when both are measured together. The is usually written

Dx Dp = h

This idea created a great deal of controversy, since it says that nothing is certain - there is always an error in measurements today and these errors will grow larger tomorrow. His principle expanded into discussions of the nature of destiny, religion, and determinism. The philosophers had speculation sessions for decades!

In hindsight his principle is not mystical but obvious to anyone who studies the properties of waves since it has turned out that the principle is a simple property of a wave train and not dependent on QM. It works as follows:

Suppose we have drawings of two wave trains, a) and b) as in Figure 9-6. The length Dx, of the train at a) is long and it's dominant wavelength l can be accurately measured because there are lots of nodes to use. The length of the train at b) is short and the few nodes mean that the dominant wavelength l can be determined only poorly. It is clear that: if the train size is small, the error of wavelength is large. This fact can be put into mathematical terms,

error of wavelength = Dl / l = 1/(number of nodes), and

the number of nodes = the train length / wavelength = Dx / Dl

Put these two equations together and get;

Dx Dl = l2 (9-4)

which says the same as the sentence above. i.e. the product of the two errors is a constant, l2.

Errors of measuring wavelength causes Heisenberg's uncertainty principle

Fig. 9-6 Errors of measuring wavelength
If you wish to accurately measure the wavelength contained in a train of waves, you need to have a large number of nodes to count. The more the nodes the more accurate is the measurement. Thus the accuracy of measuring the long wave-train at (A) is about ten times better than at (B). This fact can be used to demonstrate the truth of the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle Dx Dp = h

This result can be easily translated into the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle because of two relations:
1) Dx is the same as the error of position of a particle in the wave.
2) The wavelength is related to particle momentum through the de Broglie relation l=h/p. Switch the l variable into the momentum p, by using the calculus of Chapter 2 to find,

Dl = Dp l2/h

Substitute this into Equation (9-4) to get Dx Dp = h, the Heisenberg Principle. This is what we wanted to prove.

There is another version of the Uncertainty Principle which says that the product of error of time Dt, and the error of energy DE, is also equal to Plank's constant, or

Dt DE = h

You have probably already guessed that this one can be obtained from Equation (9-4) too, by using the relation E = hf. Correct guess.

The uncertainty principle states that if you know the momentum of a particle perfectly, then you can have no knowledge at all of the position. This is because a perfect momentum measurement implies an infinitely long wave, so the particle could be anywhere. Similarly, if the energy is exact, you can have no knowledge of the time when it got there.

The philosophical consequences of this principle depend on whether or not you believe there is actually a 'point particle' somewhere inside the quantum wave. If you say 'yes' then the conclusion must be that Nature, via Quantum Mechanics, imposes a fuzziness on our ability to determine the location of otherwise precise points. If you say 'no' then the conclusion is that the wave packet itself is the 'particle', sometimes smaller, sometimes larger. Then the fuzziness is the character of the 'particle' (as a spherical standing wave), not our ability to find it.

There is one final important difference between the quantum waves and the more familiar light or water waves. It turns out you must often use complex numbers for the wave functions Y. When working with ordinary waves, the complex numbers make the algebra easier. Then when you are done you can go back to real numbers by taking the real part. But for mysterious reasons, the complex numbers are often necessary in QED to get the right answers. No one knows why.


Uncertainty Relations and Onion Skin Layering

By Chris Hawkings

From article at http://www.spaceandmotion.com/chris-hawkings-wave-theory.htm

The Wave Structure of Matter

Figure 1

Impression of a typical particle in cross section, showing shells
of high electromagnetic energy density surrounding a central core.

The radial fall-off of the wave's energy density ensures that the particle has no well defined boundary, as shown in figure 1. This poses the difficulty of establishing when a particle is completely detected. Clearly, a particle's detection cannot occur unless its source/sink is absorbed; we take this as the definition of particle detection.

From figure 4, the source/sink is confined to the region of the central core. Thus, particle absorption (source/sink absorption) is assured only with the complete arrival of the central core. For this to occur, the time, , during which the detector is switched on must equal or exceed the time, , it takes for the central core to arrive at the detector (i.e. ). The longitudinal width of the central core is given by and is related to and the group speed, , by . Using these three expressions and , we obtain

      (23)

Figure 4
Detector must be on for a time, Dt, greater than the time, Tg, of total reception of the central core at the detector (i.e. Dt3Tg). The distance of flight, Dz, of the central core must exceed the width, lg, during reception of the central core at the detector (i.e. Dz3lg).

The distance, , over which the particle travels while the detector is on must also equal or exceed the core width, , if absorption is to be assured (i.e. ). Thus,

      (24)

Pinpointing the source/sink might be regarded as certain to within the half-width of the central core, in which case the right-hand-side of (23) and (24) becomes . In either case, both the formalism and interpretation here are similar to those of the uncertainty relations.

In accordance with this principle, at rest is zero and is undefined, as expected. There is, however, one significant difference. At rest, is , placing an upper limit on equal to the Compton wavelength, . In other words, the source/sink at rest cannot be located within a region, in absolute terms, smaller than this value. This is because smaller sizes would not include the entire central core. Heisenberg's principle, of course, places no such limit, upper or lower, on . This may allow the Compton wavelength to serve as the standard way of expressing the size of all particles at rest. For the proton, this value is 1.321 fm.

Results of p-p scattering at 90o found by Akerlof (1966) [12] reveal, for the proton, a central core of radius 0.33 fm and two outer shells at 0.50 fm and 0.92 fm from the centre. The spherical shells predicted by equation (5) are found by maximising . These maxima/minima occur (due to the factor) at , where is an integer. Using the Compton wavelength, 1.321 fm, and enumerating for 1, 2 and 3 yields 0.329 fm, 0.659 fm and 0.898 fm. Although a number of interpretations for the scattering results are possible, the correlation between measured values and those predicted by equation (5) are surprisingly consistent, especially considering that the amplitude function played no role in the calculations. Radial fall-off might explain non-detection of further layers beyond . Electron scattering experiments suggest a picture of the electron that is more akin to a 'fuzzy' point particle and which does not appear to possess the onion skin layering typical of the proton. This is not inconsistent with a particle of very small 'rest mass' (long Compton wavelength), whose energy density distribution is similar to that of figure 1. In this instance, the broad central core and shells of low energy density could readily account for the poor definition, point-like appearance and non-detection of onion skin layering.

(Note from Geoff Haselhurst - The figures in this final article from Chris Hawkings are images, as this is how I formatted his full article. See http://www.spaceandmotion.com/chris-hawkings-wave-theory.htm)


Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle
Philosophical / Metaphysical Comments

by Geoff Haselhurst

The following thoughts seem to me to be direct consequences of the Metaphysics of Space and the Wave Structure of Matter.

1. There is no discrete particle thus it is impossible to locate the exact position of something that does not exist (the continuous motion of a 'particle').

2. Motion only applies to the Wave Motion of Space, not the Motion of 'Particles' (or motion of matter in general, as Space is the only existent) thus it is impossible to know the exact momentum of a particle as neither 'particles' or particle velocity (and thus momentum) exist. They are mathematical constructions, and only approximate the real Wave Structure of Matter. Matter actually 'moves' in discrete steps as successive Spherical In-Waves meet at their Wave-Center in discrete locations in Space. So it turns out that Einstein was correct, as he writes;

Thus the last and most successful creation of theoretical physics, namely quantum mechanics (QM), differs fundamentally from both Newton's mechanics, and Maxwell's e-m field. For the quantities which figure in QM's laws make no claim to describe physical reality itself, but only probabilities of the occurrence of a physical reality that we have in view. … I cannot but confess that I attach only a transitory importance to this interpretation. I still believe in the possibility of a model of reality - that is to say, of a theory which represents things themselves and not merely the probability of their occurrence. On the other hand, it seems to me certain that we must give up the idea of complete localization of the particle in a theoretical model. This seems to me the permanent upshot of Heisenberg's principle of uncertainty. (Albert Einstein, 1954)

A few further thoughts;

3. It seems to me that Schrodinger's Equations are founded on de Broglie Matter Waves.
Therefore, Schrodinger equations are not fundamental (as de Broglie waves are Doppler effect / phase wave of two relatively moving spherical (ellipsoidal) standing waves - the real cause of matter and its interactions).
Then I read that Dirac effectively divided Schrodinger's equations into two parts (Milo Wolff has a good section on this in his book) - which according to my logic above is correct (though he did it by chance). Thus I am thinking that wherever you use de Broglie waves, you should really substitute in the real wave equations for two spherical standing waves with relative motion which deduce the de Broglie waves. Does this make sense, is it possible?

4. Problems with Wave Velocity not being Constant
In modern physics the velocity of light c is treated as a constant, rather than (I think) being dependent on wave amplitude (charge) and mass-energy density (gravitational mass). I also think though, that due to wavelength changes with wave velocity the velocity of light is always measured to be the same (a subtle but important difference from being constant, which is a theoretical interpretation of the empirical fact that the velocity is measured to be the same).
Further, the de Broglie wave is a phase wave, caused by matter wave interactions, and has a phase velocity of c2/v where v is the relative velocity. Thus you are effectively working with two different velocity waves.

It is interesting too that when you substitute this phase wave velocity into the energy = frequency equation for matter you get the de Broglie equations, i.e. We first deduce Compton wavelength by relating frequency of matter to energy of matter (as you know)

E = hf = mc2, and c = f l,
hc/l = mc2
Thus Compton Wavelength l = h/mc

We can then recalculate above for de Broglie phase wave velocity c2/v = f l, where v is group velocity which I assume is same as apparent velocity of 'particle'.

E = hf = mc2, and c2/v = f l,
hc2/vl = mc2
Thus de Broglie Wavelength l = h/mv

This seems to confirm the correctness of the phase wave velocity of de Broglie waves (and is the limit of my maths!, is it correct). Any thought on this? Thanks.
Geoff


Mike Harney writes;

Dear Geoff,

Thanks again for the interesting read on the uncertainty from yourself, Milo Wolff and Chris Hawkings. It seems like we all find an easy explanation if we talk about matter waves as opposed to particles. How can a particle be in two places at the same time? It can't - only a wave can do this. Also, I started thinking about Chris' explanation of the onion shells. It does make sense that a proton will have more shells and an electron is fuzzy. The electron with fundamental wavelength (n=1) will have one very indiscrete shell and the proton with n = 1734 with many shells is consistent with this effect.

Schrodinger's equation relates a wave (it's our assumption that it's de Broglie waves, and it appears to be a good one) to time and space displacement. The equation itself is fundamental - there is as of yet no way to reproduce Schrodinger's equation based on WSM that I have seen (as there is as of yet nothing I have seen that describes Maxwell's equations in terms of standing wave theory - it's probably possible but nobody has found it to my knowledge). If you do see Maxwell's equations in terms of spherical standing waves please let me know - it does sound intuitive but I have yet to see formulas. I believe the combination of the uncertainty principle and the fact that Schrodinger's equation is a wave equation pretty much describes all of quantum mechanics in terms of WSM. But the key is getting away from probability and uncertainty - this is how I think the uncertainty principle relates to standing matter waves. The derivation (above) does show a pretty good match to Planck's constant - more than a coincidence!

The one thing that still comes back to me is that as there are standing matter waves that create our masses, the waves must be undergoing compression and tension in this fabric. The nature of the compressibility of this fabric is what truly interests me because I believe it is the key to how the waves interact and this in turn governs all of our universal constants. Also, the question of the what is the fabric and what makes it compressible is exciting - how does this really occur? We don't believe in a mystical nature for waves (tossing out the Born interpretation of Schrodinger) so it must still be a fabric in compression or tension in order for wavelengths to shift, for wave-centers to be elongated, etc. This is all just classical wave mechanics which means space really behaves like a material, a continuous medium of some sort.
I think this may be the solution to what Milo is looking for in relating WSM to nuclear fusion.

Equations 15-22 in http://www.signaldisplay.com/debroglie.html show this relationship between the strong-nuclear interaction and it's range. I believe the short range of the strong nuclear force is due to being on the "knee" of the elastic-potential energy curve for the fabric of space. Once we understand how this works, controlling it should be much easier. It's also interesting that the Newtonian force law of 1/r2 which is so prevalent in keeping field theory alive is really just proportional to an x-displacement squared (kx2) and this is more accurate for explaining interaction of waves from very large distances to very small. Thus, the field concept is keeping theorists from uniting gravity (even General Relativity's version of gravity) with nuclear interactions. No wonder they are frustrated - the 1/r2 breaks down very quickly at small r (hell - it becomes a singularity!). No way to do it with the continuous field concept - they must adapt wave interaction and compressibility of space.
Thanks for the interesting articles.
Mike Harney


Werner Heisenberg: Uncertainty Principle
Explaining Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle with the Wave Structure of Matter

'Planck's discovery of light 'quanta' has set science a fresh task: that of finding a new conceptual basis for all physics. The problem is still far from a satisfactory solution. (Albert Einstein on Max Planck / Quantum Theory)
Max Planck
Quantum Physics
Discrete Light Quanta
'All these fifty years of conscious brooding have brought me no nearer to the answer to the question, What are light quanta? Nowadays everyone thinks they know it, but they are mistaken.' (Albert Einstein on Quantum Theory)
Albert Einstein 'Photon'
Quantum Theory
Photoelectric Effect
'Those who are not shocked when they first come across quantum physics cannot possibly have understood it.' (Niels Bohr on Quantum Physics)
Niels Bohr Quantum
Physics Copenhagen Interpretation
'This suggested that electrons too could not be considered simply as particles, but that frequency (wave properties) must be assigned to them also.' (Louis de Broglie on Quantum Theory & discrete 'orbital' states of electrons)
Louis de Broglie
Physics Matter Waves
Particle Wave Duality
'I don't like it, and I'm sorry I ever had anything to do with it.' (Erwin Schrodinger on Born's Probability Wave Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics)
Erwin Schrodinger
Quantum Physics
Wave Equations
'I personally like to regard a probability wave as a real thing, certainly as more than a tool for mathematical calculations. ... how could we rely on probability predictions if we do not refer to something real and objective?' (Max Born on Quantum Theory)
Max Born
Quantum Physics
Probability Waves
'Light and matter are both single entities, and the apparent duality arises in the limitations of our language'. (Werner Heisenberg on Quantum Theory)
Werner Heisenberg
Quantum Mechanics
Uncertainty Principle
'One can always hope that there will be future developments which will lead to a drastically different theory from the present quantum theory and for which there may be a partial return of determinism.' (Paul Dirac on Quantum Theory)
Paul Dirac
Quantum Physics
Dirac Equation
'I think it is safe to say that no one understands quantum mechanics'. (Richard Feynman on Quantum Mechanics)
Richard Feynman
Quantum Physics
Electrodynamics QED
'Perhaps experimental parameters and experimental results are both consequences of some common hidden mechanism. Then the apparent non-locality could be simulated.' (John Bell on Quantum Physics)
John Bell's Inequality
Quantum Mechanics
EPR Paradox
'The notion that all these 'particles' are separately existent is evidently an illusion, and this illusion cannot do other than lead to endless conflict and confusion.' (David Bohm on Quantum Physics / Bohmian Mechanics)
David Bohm
Quantum Physics
Bohmian Mechanics
'The proposals of Clifford and Schrodinger are correct, an electron is a continuous wave structure of Space, not a discrete particle. The Schrodinger wave functions are not probabilities, they must be interpreted as matter itself.' (Milo Wolff on Quantum Mechanics)
Milo Wolff
Quantum Mechanics
Wave Structure Matter


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Biography: Geoffrey Haselhurst, Philosopher of Science, Theoretical Physics, Metaphysics, Evolution. Our world is in great trouble due to human behaviour founded on myths and customs that are causing the destruction of Nature and climate change. We can now deduce the most simple science theory of reality - the wave structure of matter in space. By understanding how we and everything around us are interconnected in Space we can then deduce solutions to the fundamental problems of human knowledge in physics, philosophy, metaphysics, theology, education, health, evolution and ecology, politics and society.

This is the profound new way of thinking that Einstein realised, that we exist as spatially extended structures of the universe - the discrete and separate body an illusion. This simply confirms the intuitions of the ancient philosophers and mystics.

Given the current censorship in physics / philosophy of science journals (based on the standard model of particle physics / big bang cosmology) the internet is the best hope for getting new knowledge known to the world. But that depends on you, the people who care about science and society, realise the importance of truth and reality.

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'Hatred is never appeased by hatred in this world; it is appeased by love. This is an eternal Law.' (Buddha)
Chinese Indian Metaphysics
'I have striven not to laugh at human actions, not to weep at them, nor to hate them, but to understand them.' (Spinoza)
Western Philosophy
'The whole problem with the world is that fools and fanatics are always so certain of themselves, and wiser people so full of doubts.' (Bertrand Russell)
20th Century Philosophers
'The scientist only imposes two things, namely truth and sincerity, imposes them upon himself and upon other scientists'. (Erwin Schrodinger)
Physics Prints Science Quote
'The laws of Nature are but the mathematical thoughts of God.' (Euclid)
Mathematics Mathematicians
'I am one of those who think like Nobel, that humanity will draw more good than evil from new discoveries.' (Marie Curie)
Scientists Inventors
'Religion is regarded by the common people as true, by the wise as false, and by the rulers as useful.' (Seneca the Younger)
God Religion Morality
'If civilization is to survive, we must cultivate the science of human relationships - the ability of all peoples, of all kinds, to live together, in the same world at peace.' (Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR))
Famous Leader Politics
'Since philosophy is the art which teaches us how to live, and since children need to learn it as much as we do at other ages, why do we not instruct them in it?' (Michel de Montaigne on Philosophy of Education)
Education Educational
'The wise man must remember that while he is a descendant of the past, he is a parent of the future.' (Herbert Spencer)
Evolution Life Nature Ecology
'The Truth is far more powerful than any weapon of mass destruction.' (Mohandas Mahatma Gandhi)
Motivational Inspirational
'No one was ever yet a great poet, without being at the same time a profound philosopher. For poetry is the blossom and the fragrancy of all human knowledge, human thoughts, human passions, emotions, language.' (Samuel Taylor Coleridge)
Metaphysical Poets & Poetry
'In a time of universal deceit - telling the truth is a revolutionary act.' (George Orwell)
Literature Books Authors
'Neither a lofty degree of intelligence nor imagination nor both together go to the making of genius. Love, love, love, that is the soul of genius.' (Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart)
Musicians Composers
'No man chooses evil because it is evil; he only mistakes it for happiness, the good he seeks.' (Mary Wollstonecraft, Vindication of the Rights of Women)
Women Feminism Art
'Fantasy, abandoned by reason, produces impossible monsters; united with it, she is the mother of the arts and the origin of marvels.' (Francisco de Goya)
Renaissance Fine Art Prints
'QUESTION: What do you get when you cross the Godfather with a philosopher? ANSWER: An offer you can't understand.'
Satire Humor Funny Jokes
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